1. Cultural policy system
Last update: July, 2016
After the Second World War, Croatia became a constituent republic of the Federative Popular Republic of Yugoslavia, which inherited the ex-Yugoslav kingdom. Its cultural policy was designed to accomplish the mission of building up socialist culture. Art was governed by the canon of socialist realism and science and education were governed by the canon of dialectic and historical materialism. The inherited cultural infrastructure (museums, theatres, libraries, etc.) was reconstructed and reorganised in compliance with the new social system.
In the mid-1950s the self-management system was introduced. Cultural and other public domains (education, media, health, etc.) were decentralised and regulated on the level of the six constituent republics. The 1960s and 1970s were a time when cultural professionalism and creativity were emphasised as a reflection of the country's multiethnic character. Western influences, mainly reflected in modernisation, and the global openness of the country (the policy of non-alignment) brought various cultural influences. Ideological control over culture loosened, followed by political liberalisation and greater autonomy of the republics in the federation.
The self-management system in culture and other public fields established a quasi-market economy. Instead of grants from the budget, special funds were created and their allocation was decided by bodies composed of providers and recipients of services. The overall political and economic crisis in the mid-1980s reflected the fact that this new system was mismanaged and non-functional. It became increasingly embroiled in the main political clash between federal centralists and republican co-federalists. These political clashes led to war in 1990 and to the dissolution of Yugoslavia.
In the 1990s, the cultural policy of independent Croatia was politically and administratively centralised and incorporated in everyday life with special emphasis on national traditions. It was designed to foster a sense of national cohesion, especially at the beginning of the period when the country was drawn into war. In the formal sense, the policy was formulated in general terms, emphasising market approach, freedom of creativity and professionalism. Cultural planning and funding gave priority to activities of "national interest" in culture and left all other activities to the emerging market and to NGOs.
Since 2000, when the new coalition government was elected, there has been a broader implementation of cultural policy with a particular stress on pluralist cultural orientations. A more balanced approach to tradition and a new evaluation of the national and the multicultural components has been undertaken, together with steps towards further decentralisation and direct co-operation with NGOs.
Research on cultural development and the status of culture in society has shown that the cultural NGO sector has been growing dynamically during the post-2000 period. This has resulted in the establishment of an "independent cultural sector" and has separated "institutional" (government subsidised) and "independent" culture (that was subsidised mostly by foreign sources) (see also chapter 1.3.3). During the following years the "independent" culture established some of its’ key points e.g., the City of Zagreb which has established and finances the POGON – Zagreb Centre for Independent Culture and Youth since 2008, and by the Ministry of Culture that proposed the Law on "Kultura nova" Foundation, passed by the Parliament in July 2011. The foundation, which is dedicated mainly to the development of the independent cultural scene, is in full operation since December 2012.
In the period 2004-2011 there have not been any major shifts in cultural policy and overall cultural strategy. Major reforms were undertaken in the book sector, as well as in the media and audiovisual sector and performing arts, with the adoption of new laws, such as the Law on Audiovisual Activities, the above-mentioned Law on the Foundation ‘Kultura Nova’, etc. There was also a reorganisation in the government with a new division of portfolios. As a result, in 2004 the Ministry of Culture became responsible for the protection of nature and biodiversity.
The period 2005-2013 has been marked by the negotiations for Croatia's full membership of the European Union, which has given a new impetus to developments in all sectors. The negotiations were completed in June 2011. Croatia became a full member of the EU on 1 July 2013.
In December 2011, the centre-left coalition came to power, and the government announced the priorities of the Ministry of Culture in its mandate: firstly, the development of cultural creativity and production, and secondly, the protection of cultural heritage (see also chapter 2.1). The Ministry of Culture ceased to be responsible for protection of nature and biodiversity, which became part of the purview of the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection. The new Decree Regarding the Internal Organisation of the Ministry of Culture was issued in February 2012 (NN 21/12) which introduced a reorganisation of several departments and the establishment of the media department strategic planning was stressed as an important part of cultural policy; cultural institutions and organisations have been obliged to include strategic plans as part of their applications for public funding (NN 69/12). Major changes in laws concerned the changes to the Law on Croatian Radio-Television which significantly reduced the independence of the HRT and resulted in a series of political appointments, a law on theatres, authors’ rights and related rights, and also the law on civil society organizations that introduced more bureaucratic obligations to CSOs.
In 2015 the new centre-right coalition government came into power and announced that its focus would be placed on the ‘homogeneous national culture’ and cultural heritage. Major protests by the cultural community resulted from the appointment of the new minister, with demands for his resignation. Consequently, the government fell after six months of being in power, and new elections were to follow in September 2016. However, in the short period of being in power, many actions were taken that destabilised the whole cultural sector and continued with the lowering of media independence standards in Croatia, namely through political pressure on HRT and the Agency for Electronic Media.
Main features of the current cultural policy model
See also chapter 1.2.2 for a description of the cultural policy system, including Cultural Councils and chapter 2.1 for the list of cultural policy priorities.
The general objectives of cultural policy in the last two decades have included the pursuance of values such as: cultural pluralism (aesthetic and multiethnic), creative autonomy, the increase and diversification of sources for financing culture, polycentric cultural development, encouraging cultural participation and co-operation between the public and the private sector to increase efficiency, quality, employment and innovation. The most ambitious goal is bringing culture into the focus of interest of all inhabitants of the country. The "Strategy of Cultural Development – Croatia in the 21st Century", drawn up in co-operation between the Ministry of Culture and a team of independent experts and accepted in the Croatian Parliament in early 2002, gives a detailed presentation of these goals and the necessary instruments to achieve them. One of the key goals of the Cultural Development Strategy has been the democratisation of culture, intended to increase active participation in culture and to popularise art and culture in schools and through the media. However, since then no action plans were made in order to implement the adopted strategy.
Strategy of Protection, Conservation and Sustainable Economic Utilisation of Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Croatia (2011-2015) was adopted in July 2011. (For more information see chapter 3.1). The revised Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Culture for the period 2015-2017 was adopted in 2014 with some new goals elaborated with further stress on the development of cultural and artistic creativity and production on the one side, and on the protection of cultural heritage on the other (For more information see chapter 2.1).
Decentralisation is still an important subject of debate in Croatian cultural policy and practice, and has been highlighted in the Programme of the former government. However, no significant changes regarding decentralisation have been made during former or current governments. This process was further slowed down due to the lowering of income tax in 2015 which is primary source of income for local government that further influenced the decrease of funding for local government. There has been a continuous pressure on the central government to enable fiscal decentralisation, which is a necessary precondition for any other efforts in this direction (decentralisation of education, health, etc.). The model of cultural decentralisation still awaits public debate, revision, and an eventual possibility to be gradually implemented. Until recently cultural strategies on the local level were scarcely adopted; the only exception was the "Istrian Cultural Strategy" of the Istra County that was adopted in Poreč in 2009. However, in the last couple of years, selected cities have adopted them (e.g. Rijeka, Zadar, Varaždin, Osijek, Dubrovnik). This mainly can be attributed to the preparation of these cities for application to European Capital of Culture programme that obliges cities to have such strategies. Amendments to the Law on Cultural Councils in 2013 opened up the possibility of cities (or other municipalities) with more than 20 000 inhabitants to establish cultural councils. Further discussion on decentralisation and new territorial organisation of the Republic of Croatia will be very much influenced by the regional development strategies driven by the EU standards and priorities including NUTS regions as well as by announced changes of the tax system.
The process of decentralisation is also supported through the provisions in the Law on the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Assets (NN 69/99, NN 151/03; NN 157/03, Amend., NN 87/09, NN 88/10, NN 61/11, NN 25/12, NN 136/12, NN 157/13, NN 152/14, NN 98/15)which regulates the distribution of funds collected through the "monument annuity" fund and establishes the Registry of Cultural Assets. This Law ensures that 60% of the funds collected are used by the local governments in their respective city / municipality for the protection of cultural heritage. With the financial crisis and the changes in the legislation defining revenues from the monument annuity, the amount of funds collected through this scheme is decreasing, which is limiting the ability of local communities to invest in cultural heritage restoration.
Cultural policy objectives
The principles of promoting identity and diversity, supporting creativity and participation in cultural life were set up in 1990 as part of the declared cultural policy objectives in Croatia and have not been significantly changed since then. These principles are being put into practice in the following way:
- diversification by encouraging cultural creativity and innovation; tolerance and inclusion of cultural minority groups (see chapter 2.6), and by financing activities of various cultural interests: high culture, alternative culture, pop culture, ethnic cultures , etc.;
- support for creativity through fiscal measures such as paying social, health and retirement benefits for registered freelance artists, and support for participation by funding amateur artists' associations; and
- identity affirmation and dynamic reconstruction through interplay between cultural traditions and cultural development.
Last update: July, 2016
Last update: July, 2016
Decision-making and the implementation of cultural policy involve procedures and interactions between the Ministry of Culture, the government and the Parliament, on the one hand, and consultative cultural councils, local government and self-government, cultural institutions, NGOs, and individual artists and their associations, on the other.
The Ministry of Culture drafts laws and other important documents which the government passes on to the Parliamentary Committee for Education, Science and Culture, and/or Parliamentary Committee for Information, Informatisation and Media. When cleared, they undergo parliamentary discussion and enactment. The Ministry of Culture plays a part in drafting the budget and decides on the allocation of budgetary funds to various cultural fields, and it has responsibility for media policy issues.
In the last decade the major change in the cultural policy system was the adoption of the Law on Cultural Councils (2001) and its subsequent changes (2004, 2009 and 2013). Cultural Councils were first introduced in 2001 as semi-arm's length bodies, independent in making decisions about the distribution of funds: however, the Ministry of Culture managed and distributed subsidies. With the 2004 legislative changes, Cultural Councils became consultative bodies to the Minister of Culture with reduced autonomy but a similar mandate: e.g. proposing goals for cultural policy and measures for achieving them, offering professional assistance to the Minister of Culture, working out a long-term national cultural programme, and giving opinions on the distribution of grants.
The 2001 the Law established the following cultural councils: film and cinematography, music and performing arts, theatre arts, visual arts, books and publishing, the new media culture and the council for international relations and European integration. With the adoption of the Law on Audiovisual Activities (2007, amended 2011) the cultural council on film and cinematography was suspended since the new consultative bodies have been established within the Croatian Audiovisual Centre (HAVC) (see chapter 4.2.6). Specific laws provided for the establishment of four other councils (cultural assets, archives, museums and libraries). If the Minister finds it necessary, according to the Law on Cultural Councils, he / she has the possibility of convening a National Council for Culture. The 2013 amendments to the Law of Cultural Councils introduced changes in the jurisdiction and the number of councils on the national level, thus establishing the councils in the following fields: music and performing arts, theatre and dance arts, books and publishing, visual arts, amateur arts and culture, innovative artistic and cultural practices, international cultural cooperation and financing of international projects. The 2013 amendments introduced the possibility of establishing new cultural councils if deemed necessary.
While the previous laws offered a possibility for local government to introduce cultural councils on a local and regional level, the 2007 Law on Cultural Councils made this mandatory for all counties and cities with more than 30 000 inhabitants. According to data for 2013 by the Ministry of Culture (November 2014), three out of 20 counties and one city (with more than 30 000 inhabitants) have not obliged to this Law provision. The intention of the legislator was to contribute to the process of decentralisation, but the effects of this change have not been assessed. This legislation guarantees local cultural self-government in the fields of archives, libraries, protection of cultural property and the theatre. The 2013 amendments to the Law introduce the possibility of establishing Cultural Councils in cities with more of 20 000 inhabitants, or in other municipalities where necessary. Data from the Ministry of Culture shows that in 2013 among 11 cities with more than 20 000 inhabitants, six of them used this possibility of establishing Cultural Councils.
Besides existing cultural councils, there are other councils and committees established by the government having direct and indirect impact on the formulation of cultural policies, such as the government committees for national minorities, youth, gender equality, civil society and others. The internal cooperation between different councils and committees is rather low. EU accession negotiations as well as implementation of transversal strategic documents served as catalysts for improving cooperation, but better coordination and cooperation is still lacking.
Please find the available information on this subject in 1.2.2.
Please find the available information on this subject in 1.2.2.
Last update: July, 2016
The number of cultural associations has increased considerably in recent years. One of the first reasons was the legislation introduced in 2001 which provided greater tax benefits than before (see also chapter 4.2.1). According to data from the Government Office for Associations (February 2001) there were a total of 18 981 associations; 2 174 of these were in the cultural field. Ten years later, this number has more than doubled: in October 2011 the total number of associations was 44 463, while the number of cultural associations was 6 552. In November 2012, the increase in the number of associations still continued: there are 47 438 associations in the online registry, with 7 144 cultural associations listed, while in October 2014 the number of cultural associations was 7 965 out of 51 927 associations in total – Web Database Registry: http://184.108.40.206/RegistarUdruga/.
The foundation ‘Kultura nova’ was established by The Law on Foundation ‘Kultura nova’ in 2011, with the purpose of the promotion and development of civil society in the Republic of Croatia in the fields of contemporary arts and culture. The foundation is in full operation since December 2012. Since then the Foundation has supported a number of organizations and programmes through programme areas dedicated to the support for organizations, conception and preparation of new projects, development of cooperation platforms in the Republic of Croatia and development of cooperation platforms in Southeastern Europe.
Last update: July, 2016
The Ministry of Culture regularly co-operates with other ministries to bring general and related laws into harmony with cultural legislation. They also co-operate in fields in which the competencies of various ministries are involved, such as the protection of cultural heritage (with the Ministry of the Interior), conservation and protection of historical town centres (with the Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning), drafting media legislation and regulating audio and audiovisual media services and electronic publications (with the Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure), and in appointing cultural attachés or organising cultural events abroad (with the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs). From 2008-2012, together with the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Crafts, the Ministry of Culture ran a programme to support SME's in the field of culture and creative industries entitled ‘Entrepreneurship in culture’, while since 2013 the Ministry of Culture is now the only supporter (see chapter 3.5.1).
Some important areas of culture, however, do not fall fully under the responsibility of the Ministry of Culture, such as arts education, research and minority cultural groups. For example, while the Ministry of Education, Science and Sports takes the lead role for arts education. There is a shared responsibility for research of cultural matters between these two Ministries. The Ministry of Culture and the Government Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities (until 2012 these areas were under two separate offices) share responsibility for ethnic minority cultural groups.
Prospects for closer inter-ministerial co-operation are hindered by the strict sectoral division of activities. The most important links are financial and economic, i.e. the budget and economic growth, and the issue of EU membership, which has been singled out as the common goal. There are a number of trans-sectoral strategies which contribute to better coordination between different ministries and various levels of government. Co-operation between national, regional and municipal levels of government continues to be a very important segment of cultural policy, particularly when it comes to investment projects in renewing old institutions or building and setting up new cultural institutions such as libraries, archives, museums and theatres.
Last update: July, 2016
Joint decision-making by the Ministry of Culture and representatives of the cultural sector was established on the national level through the establishment of several Culture Councils (Law on Culture Councils, NN 53/01, NN 48/04, NN 44/09, NN 68/13). While these were initially (in 2001) intended to be independent councils, the new Law reduced their autonomy in 2004 (see chapter 1.2.6). With the changes of the Law in 2013 the following Cultural Councils operate at the national level: music; drama, dance and performing arts; books, publishing and library activities; visual arts; cultural and artistic amateurism; innovative artistic and cultural practices; international cultural cooperation and financing of international projects. Specific laws provided for the establishment of councils on cultural assets, archives, museums and libraries (see chapter 1.2.2).
Both public and private cultural consumption are not continuously and systematically monitored. The absence of this kind of information affects the quality of decision-making, especially decisions aimed at decreasing the existing disproportions in the level of cultural development throughout Croatia.
Last update: July, 2016
Table 4: Cultural institutions financed by public authorities, by domain, 2009-2014
|Domain||Cultural institutions (sub-domains)||Number (2010)||Number (2011)||Number (2012)||Number (2013)||Number (2014)||
(+ to -)
|Cultural heritage||Cultural heritage sites (recognised)||
+ 1 26712
|Archives (of public authorities)||15||1613||16||1813||2013||+|
|Visual arts||Public art galleries / exhibition halls||45||N/A||46||463||463||Stagnating|
|Art academies (or universities)||4||4||4||44||44||Stagnating|
|Performing arts||Symphonic orchestras||7||7||7||85||65||-|
|Music schools||76||81||N/A||152||15514 (119+36)||+|
Music / theatre academies |
|Music theatres, opera houses||5||5||5||5||5||Stagnating|
|Dance and ballet companies||27||N/A||27||278||278||Stagnating|
|Books and Libraries||Libraries||257||N/A||249||2499||2699||+|
|Audiovisual||Broadcasting organisations (TV)||21||22||22||2610||2610||Stagnating|
|Interdisciplinary||Socio-cultural centres / cultural houses||217||N/A||217||21711||21711||Stagnating|
Sources: Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia and other related sources as listed below.
* Relating to the last researched period.
1 Permanently protected cultural assets on 31.12.2009. (Registry of Cultural Assets of the Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Culture).
2 Registry of museums, galleries and collections in the Republic of Croatia. Note: The collection of 148 collections of religious communities is not numbered as they are registered in the Registry of Museums, Collections and Treasuries of Religious Communities of the Museum Documentation Centre.
3 Central Bureau of Statistics, First Releases and Statistical Reports, Education, Research and Development, Culture and Social Welfare, 24.10.2013. Nr. 8.3.1. Museums, galleries and collections in 2012.
4 Academy of Fine Arts, Zagreb; Arts Academy, Osijek; Arts Academy, Split; Academy of Applied Arts, Rijeka, Statistical Yearbook 2015.
5 Statistical Yearbook 2015.
6 Academy of Music, Zagreb; Academy of Dramatic Arts, Zagreb; Statistical Yearbook 2015.
7 Statistical Yearbook 2015.
8 Ballet companies: 5; contemporary dance companies and independent choreographers: 22. – Association of Croatian Dance Artists, 2008.
9 Statistical Yearbook 2015.
10 Statistical Yearbook 2015.
11 Central Bureau of Statistics, First Release No. 8.3.5. 16. February 2010. Open public universities, homes of culture and other organisers of cultural and artistic activities, Season 2008/2009 – last collected data.
12 Shows the number of cultural assets in preventive protection status
13 Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia, Archives 2016.
14 Central Bureau of Statistics, First Releases No. 8.1.2. Basic Schools 2014./2015., april 2015.; Central Bureau of Statistics, First Releases No. 8.1.3 Upper Secondary Schools 2014./2015. , April 2016.
Last update: July, 2016
In 2000, several laws were changed and amended to reflect the intentions (of the then new government) to embark on a process of decentralising responsibility for culture. The right to appoint and approve directors and to found a public institution has been transferred from the state to the counties, towns and municipalities. Public cultural institutions are now usually founded by the state, towns, more rarely by counties, and sometimes by the wealthier municipalities.
The status and number of state-owned institutions has remained almost unchanged. The legislation in force prescribes that every decision to close an institution must be approved by the Ministry of Culture; a provision to preserve the existing level of cultural infrastructure.
Since November 2006, income tax is no longer collected in the cities where companies have their headquarters (mostly in the capital city of Zagreb) but rather in the cities where the income is being made. The announcement of the lowering of income tax in 2015 could further influence the decrease of funding for local government, but there is not enough data to assess the current situation.
An interesting example of a hybrid cultural institution is POGON – Centre for Independent Culture and Youth, Zagreb, which is based on a new model of public-civil partnership. Pogon's founders are the Alliance Operation City and the City of Zagreb which is the main funder of the institution. In collaboration with the network of NGOs and the Foundation ‘Kultura Nova’ the Ministry of Culture has applied to the European Social Fund with the project of the development of socio-cultural centres in several Croatian cities inspired partly by the successful example of POGON.
A more significant contribution to recent culture funding comes from donations and sponsorship, particularly of large companies such as Adris, T-HT, VIPnet, B-net, and banks (e.g. ERSTE Bank Croatia, Zagrebačka banka, etc.). The precise amounts and / or indication of trends cannot, however, be given due to the lack of statistical data. These contributions are given mostly on a project basis and in many cases in-kind. It has to be noted that since 2010 the funds have narrowed down, as a consequence of the global recession and the same trend persists in 2013 and 2014.
There was a significant increase in the number of cultural festivals and manifestations in the last two decades. Alongside traditional festivals and events new partnerships emerged. Several large international cultural events that have a long tradition are: Dubrovnik Summer Festival; Animafest – festival of animation (established over 40 years ago as a biennale, and since 2005 is functioning as an annual event); International Children's Festival Šibenik that celebrated its 55th anniversary in 2015; Vinkovci Autumn folklore event established in 1974, the International Festival of New Theatre – EUROKAZ (since 1987 until 2013), Dance Week Festival (since 1984), Music Biennale since 1961, etc. Some of these traditional events established themselves as cultural institutions. New partnerships forged from private and public funds have resulted in important new cultural events that have established themselves on the international scene, such as: Motovun film festival, Zagreb film festival, Dance and Non-verbal Festival San Vincenti, Split Film festival, Urban Festival.
Last update: July, 2016
The Ministry of Culture (on the national level) and larger cities (on the local level) are major founders of international cultural cooperation projects and initiatives. The Ministry of Culture cooperates with the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs which is responsible for coordination of work of cultural attachés. Croatian embassies are still the focal points for the promotion of Croatian culture.
The Ministry of Culture operates all major instruments used in international cultural relations including state guarantees, bilateral agreements and programmes, as well as sector-specific agreements such as co-production agreements.
According to the planned budget for 2016, the allocation of the Ministry of Culture for international cultural cooperation was 10 652 222 HRK (approx.1 420 296 EUR). (2015 - 11 188 000 HRK (approx. 1 491 733 EUR) and 2014 - 10 972 000 HRK (approx. 1 462 933 EUR). 2016 figures are not promising as they show a lower figure in comparison to 2013 when it amounted to 12 601 166 HRK (approx.1 680 155 EUR), and 2012 when the amount was 13 111 368 HRK (approx.1 750 000 EUR). This can be attributed to the strategic orientation towards strengthening of this field. This includes the Funds received by the Ministry through the Lottery Fund (the amount varies depending on the income of the State Lottery).
Cultural agencies and institutes (such as the Austrian Cultural Forum, British Council, French Cultural Centre, Goethe Institute, Cultural Centre of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Italian Institute for Culture, Aula Cervantes, Balassi Institute and Instituto Camoes) support cultural cooperation between respective countries and Croatia according to their mandate. EUNIC Cluster Croatia - a network of European cultural institutes operating in Croatia - was founded in 2007 and is a member of the European Union National Institutes for Culture-EUNIC.
Last update: July, 2016
Since its independence, Croatia has been a member of the Council of Europe, and has participated in its numerous activities and projects.
The country became a full member of the EU in July 2013.
EU pre-accession instruments of financial assistance (IPA; CARDS and PHARE) were and are used for projects with a cultural component and carried out by local organisations. These projects were primarily oriented towards cultural heritage and cultural tourism (such as CRAFTATTRACT, Tourist Cultural Centre-TCIC, Pannonian palette, etc.).
In June 2007, the Memorandum of Understanding with European Communities was signed, which made Croatia a full member of the EU Culture 2007-2013 programme. The Ministry of Culture published by-laws, introducing rules for co-financing of Croatian participants in the Culture 2007-2013 programme (last amendments in 2014), with the aim to stimulate applications in the first period of the Croatian participation in the Programme. In addition, the Cultural Contact Point (CCP) Department (now Service) has been established and hosted by the Ministry of Culture. Due to the change of the Programme and the part of its purview it is now called Service for Cultural and Creative Industries-Creative Europe Desk - Culture Sub-programme. Croatia has been rather successful in drawing funding in the field of culture since its’ first application; in 2009 Croatia drew 1.71 times more funding than membership paid while in 2010 this amount increased 6 times the membership paid, and this trend remained in 2011. According to the partial data from the Ministry of Culture in 2012, Croatia drew 1 193 409 EUR funding from the Culture Programme. Until September 2013 this funding amounted to 612 058 EUR, while in 2014 the amount was between 1 300 000 and 1 500 000 EUR funding for the projects running in the following two to four years. This trend continued in 2015 with the results from the October 2015 Call showing the funding secured for Croatian partners in the amount of 361 211 EUR for smaller projects and 511 112 EUR for bigger projects.
In 2008, the Memorandum of Understanding with European Communities on the Croatian participation in the MEDIA 2007 Programme has been signed and Croatia has established a Media Desk within the Croatian Audiovisual Centre (see chapter 1.2.2), that is now called Creative Europe Desk – MEDIA Sub-programme. A number of projects and cultural organisations (e.g. Motovun film festival, Animafest, ZagrebDOX, Živa d.o.o., Studio dim d.o.o. etc.), have received funding through the MEDIA programme. Croatia was also very successful in the MEDIA 2007 programme; according to data from the MEDIA Desk, from 2008-2015, Croatian organizations drew 3,3 million EUR of funding.
Croatia is an active member of UNESCO and participates in a number of projects initiated and supported by this organisation. In accordance with the international agreement signed between UNESCO and the Republic of Croatia, the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology was founded in Zadar in 2007 with the aim to enhance cooperation in preservation and promotion of the underwater cultural heritage of Croatia, South East Europe and the Mediterranean. The Service for UNESCO at the Ministry of Culture coordinates the work of the National Commission for UNESCO; cooperates with responsible ministries in implementing normative instruments, regularly manages calls for UNESCO Participation programme, awards stipends for Women in Science etc.
The Ministry of Culture actively participates in the work of different international networks such as the International Federation of Arts Councils and Agencies (IFACCA), Forum of Slavic Cultures and others.
Last update: July, 2016
Some important multilateral co-operation projects, coordinated or supported by the Ministry of Culture, include:
- the Regional Programme for Cultural and Natural Heritage in South East Europe (RPSEE), a joint activity of the Council of Europe and Southeastern European governments;
- "Ljubljana Process II – Rehabilitating our Common Heritage", supported by the European Commission and the Council of Europe.
- Vukovar-Vučedol-Ilok: Research, Reconstruction, Revitalisation (Ministry of Culture / Council of Europe Development Bank);
- Cooperation within the Adriatic Ionian Basin (Project on Cultural Routes);
- Cooperation within the Alps-Adriatic Working Community;
- participation in the TRADUKI Network – European Network for the Promotion of Literature and Books; and
- participation in Roberto Cimetta Fund dedicated to mobility of artists and cultural managers.
The interest of cultural operators and artists for participation in various international networks is ever growing and ever more visible. Several Croatian theatres are members of the European Theatre Convention. Croatian artists participated in platforms and networks supported by the Culture and by the Creative Europeprogramme. Croatian cultural institutions, NGOs, experts and centres / sections (Croatian national committee ICOM, Croatian sections of AICA, UNIMA, ASSITEJ, IDEA, DACI, C.I.O.F.F., Croatian centre PEN, ITI etc.) are active participants of international NGOs in the field of culture and the arts. Following the election of the Croatian delegate as the Secretary General of ASSITEJ International in 2008, Zagreb became the headquarters of ASSITEJ International, an important organisation promoting the work of theatre for children and youth. After the elections in 2014, the headquarters of ASSITEJ now moved to Mexico. In 2012, the IETM-international network for contemporary performing arts, in cooperation with the NGOs "Drugo more" and "Domino", held its meeting in Rijeka and Zagreb. While it is still difficult to obtain extra-budgetary funds for cultural cooperation projects and networking in Croatia, financial support is mostly provided by the Ministry of Culture and local communities.