Print this Page
Print this Page

New Austrian profile online


Thanks to our authors Veronika Ratzenböck and Anja Lungstraß, the fourth cultural policy profile with the Compendium's new methodological structure is from Austria. Please access the updated profile here and read all about the recent developments in Austria – ranging from the implementation of gender mainstreaming and activities in relation to the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018 to digitalisation strategies and initiatives to stimulate cultural participation outside of the city centres. 

New Latvian profile online


On November 18th of last year, Latvia celebrated that it became an independent state in the year 1918. Within the frame of this centenary, a wide range of events and activities are organised in Latvia during the period 2017-2021. One significant example is Latvian School Bag, a nationwide project initiated by the Ministry of Culture in order to stimulate cultural participation among pupils. The goal is to familiarise all schoolchildren in Latvia with national heritage, art and culture through different activities within the educational framework.

For more information on recent policy developments in Latvia, please see the updated profile by national expert Baiba Tjarve in our ‘New grid pilot profiles’ section.

New Dutch profile online

More investments and collaboration for the heritage sector


In 2018, the Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science, Ingrid van Engelshoven, announced that the heritage sector will receive an additional 325 million euros over the coming years. This extra investment is meant for the restoration and preservation of monuments, the protection of archaeological sites and the improvement of the accessibility of heritage. Van Engelshoven: “It is time to take the next step by giving buildings new life, making monuments more sustainable and increasing the accessibility of historic places. With this investment, our monuments can be passed on to future generations.”

Additionally, Minister Van Engelshoven signed the Heritage Deal in February this year, which is a partnership between different Dutch ministries, municipalities, provinces and governmental organisations related to monuments, forestry, real estate and landscape. The Deal includes agreements that focus on urban growth and contraction, climate adaptation and sustainable energy transition.

For more information on the Dutch heritage sector and recent policy developments, such as the strengthening of the labour market position of those working in the arts and culture and regional harmonisation, please see the updated profile in our ‘New grid pilot profiles’ section.

Report of the Assembly 2019


The 2nd Assembly of the Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends' Association in Paris last week was a great success. Many thanks again to the French Ministry of Culture for hosting our annual gathering. On Wednesday June 5th and Thursday June 6th, more than 50 attendees participated in and took lessons from six main sessions, including those revolving around the theme Imagining the Cultural Policy Future.

In her keynote speech on the opening day, Professor Eleonora Belfiore argued that cultural policy models are facing a moral crisis, referring to the systematic exploitation of cultural workers contributing to the publicly funded practice: "This problem might be resolved if we work collaboratively on an activist research agenda in which public cultural institutions and funders should be held accountable in the name of fairness and social justice."

For a complete summary of all our Assembly sessions, including the thought-provoking keynote on the complex notion of cultural sustainability by Professor Emeritus Yudhishthir Raj Isar, please review the full report here.

Assembly group picture at the Institut national d'histoire de l'art in Paris, Thursday June 6th 2019 (Photographer: Bogdan Palici)

Public funding of culture in Europe: recent developments


This year, Péter Inkei from The Budapest Observatory dove into the statistics on public funding of culture in Europe from 2004 up to and including 2017. In line with the Observatory’s mission to shed light on how cultural life is financed and governed in East-Central European countries, special attention was being paid to the eleven post-communist EU countries.

Compared to 2004, the combined total of general government expenditure in the 28 EU member states increased with 38% in 2017. Inkei demonstrates that the eleven Eastern countries were the engine for this increase – with a growing share of their GDP being spent on culture –  while the public cultural expenditure in Western countries is still recovering from the 2008 financial crisis. In his conclusion, Inkei ultimately stresses that these statistics must be complemented with systematic comparative analysis in order to grasp the essence of cultural funding: “We should care less about the amount of funding [and] stop mystifying percentages of GDP, [we] should focus on quality, on the soundness and effectiveness of financing.”

For more information on public funding of culture and the full report by Inkei, please visit our statistical section on funding.

New Spanish profile online


We are pleased to announce that the first cultural policy profile based on the Compendium’s newly adopted methodological grid is now available on National experts Anna Villarroya and Victoria Ateca-Amestoy have finished updating the Spanish profile which can be found in the special ‘New grid pilot profiles’ section using the button in the right-hand column.

Villarroya and Ateca-Amestoy report on many interesting developments in Spanish cultural policy. The most outstanding one they detected was the Statute of Artists and Cultural Professionals and its final approval by the Congress of Deputies in September 2018 (as described in chapter 2.3). This implementation improves the position of Spanish artists and cultural professionals in regard to (among others) social security rights, copyright remuneration and the taxation of irregular incomes.

Other important cultural policy developments in Spain regarded gender equality and the combat against on- and offline piracy. During several professional encounters in 2018 (described in chapter 2.5.5) the gender perspective and the role of women in the cultural sphere was debated. The crack down of online piracy was tightened by the implementation of new copyright measures (as described in chapter 4.1.6).

The official presentation of the report concerning the 'Statute of Artists and Cultural Professionals'

Statistical updates: cultural prices and cinema admissions


With the help of our cultural policy experts, we are currently updating the Compendium’s cultural prices index (the CUPIX) with 2017 and 2018 data on music, books, film, museums, arts education and theatre. The first data we gathered was published today and the information from the remaining countries will be updated on the fly. These updates can be accessed by clicking the corresponding years above or through ‘Markets’ in our Statistics section

And we have more updates, thanks to the European Audiovisual Observatory: last week it released the first estimates for European cinema attendance in 2018. Compared to 2017, the total of cinema admissions decreased by 3% (29.4 million tickets). We added the provisional data per country in our table on cinema admissions, which you can find here and in 'Participation' in the Statistics section. This will be updated again when the final data are available.