Reopening measures

Comparative overview:
Reopening measures

This comparative overview of reopening measures within the cultural sector is based on the Compendium’s 28 COVID-19 country reports and information from the European Audiovisual Observatory, the Network of European Museum Organisations (NEMO) and Pearle* – Live Performance Europe. The table allows you to filter and compare the information per country and sub-sector, and provides data on COVID-19 cases in a particular country as well. It is also possible to search for specific information manually. This page is frequently updated with new information.

Last update: September 21st

CountrySub-sectorMeasureSourcePopulation (in millions)Sum of cases (17/06/2020)
AlbaniaMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 18th with free entrance.Compendium country report2,81672
AlbaniaArt galleriesArt galleries reopening from May 4th with physical distancy regulations.Compendium country report2,81672
AlbaniaMonumentsDuring May, maintenance work on heritage sites continued in order to be ready for the reopening by end of June.Compendium country report2,81672
AustriaAudiovisualCinemas in Austria can open from May 29th with social distancing practices. Re-opening conditions: Up to 250 moviegoers per screening. From August 1st up to 500 moviegoers, with exceptions made up to 1000 moviegoers.European Audiovisual Observatory8,917098
AustriaMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 15th with following the safety measures.Compendium country report8,917098
AustriaArchivesArchives reopening from May 15th.Compendium country report8,917098
AustriaLibrariesLibraries reopening from May 15th.Compendium country report8,917098
AustriaPerforming artsDue to recent rising infections, the Federal Government reintroduced compulsory masks and restrictions for events on 14 September. Events with assigned seats are limited to 1.500 persons indoors and 3.000 persons outdoors. In case of free seats and standing audience, there is a limit of 50 persons indoors and 100 persons outdoors.Compendium country report8,917098
BelgiumArt galleriesArt galleries reopening from May 18th.Compendium country report11,560155
BelgiumMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 18th with restrictions of: recquired reservations; individual or family (same household) visits; one visitor per 15 m² allowed; a limited amount of visitors per timeslot; during the visit a certain path has to be followed; 1,5 m distance between visitors has to be respected.NEMO11,560155
BelgiumPerforming artsEvents involving an audience (up to 200 people) are allowed from July 1st. Mass gatherings (e.g. festivals) are banned until the end of August.Compendium country report11,560155
BelgiumAudiovisualCinemas are reopening from July 1st with a maximum of 200 people.European Audiovisual Observatory11,560155
CroatiaMuseumsMuseums reopening in the first week of the relaxation measures issued on April 23rd with following the reccomendatios for sanitary safety.Compendium country report42255
CroatiaArt galleriesArt galleries reopening in the first week of the relaxation measures issued on April 23rd with following the reccomendatios for sanitary safety.Compendium country report42255
CroatiaArchivesArchives reopening in the first week of the relaxation measures issued on April 23rd with following the reccomendatios for sanitary safety.Compendium country report42255
CroatiaLibrariesLibraries reopening in the first week of the relaxation measures issued on April 23rd with following the recommendations for sanitary safety.Compendium country report42255
CroatiaAudiovisualAlthough some cinemas opened on May 18, most independent cinemas reopened on 25 May, with a 30% capacity. Multiplexes were closed until 15 June.European Audiovisual Observatory42255
Czech RepublicAudiovisualCinemas reopening from May 11th with attendance limited to 100 people.European Audiovisual Observatory10,710111
Czech RepublicMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 11th under strict hygienic conditions.Compendium country report10,710111
Czech RepublicArt galleriesArt galleries reopening from May 11th under strict hygienic conditions.Compendium country report10,710111
Czech RepublicPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from May 11th with a maximum of 100 people per hall. From May 25th up to 300 persons with one seat and one row empty in between audience (if homogenous group max 3 people can sit together). Performers & teams need to keep 2m distance. From June 18th: up to 500 people, masks are obligatory and no distance needed anymore while you are seated.Pearle*10,710111
Czech RepublicLibrariesLibraries reopening from April 27th.Compendium country report10,710111
EstoniaMuseumsOpen air museums reopening from May 4th and all museums from May 18th.NEMO1,31975
EstoniaPerforming artsFrom June 1st: Up to 100 persons capped at 50% capacity & 2m distance between persons.Pearle*1,31975
EstoniaAudiovisualCinema and other indoor events can take place from July 1st with a maximum amount of 500 persons.European Audiovisual Observatory1,31975
FinlandAudiovisualCinemas can reopen from June 1st, with the lifting of some measures permiting gatherings of up to 50 people.European Audiovisual Observatory5,57112
FinlandMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 1st following the guidance on the hygiene and restrictions on the number of visitors.NEMO5,57112
FinlandPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from June 1st with a maximum of 50 people. From July 31st, the audience can increase to more than 500 persons.Pearle*5,57112
FranceMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 2nd. Small museums have been allowed to reopen from May 11th.NEMO67157716
FrancePerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from June 15th.Pearle*67157716
FranceAudiovisualTheaters reopening from June 22nd, following the demand of the cinema operators who wanted the reopening to be national so that they could organize the programming of theaters.European Audiovisual Observatory67157716
GermanyAudiovisualThe decision on the reopening of cinemas is taken at a regional level. Although some regions reopened on May 15th, others reopen on June 15th and a full re-opening is estimated for June 30th.European Audiovisual Observatory83187184
GermanyMuseumsMuseums reopening on April 22nd in Brandenburg, April 27th in Thuringia, while in the other 14 states the reopening is planned for May 4th.NEMO83187184
GermanyPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from August 31st, depending on the regions.Pearle*83187184
GeorgiaPerforming artsInstitutions related to entertainment, leisure and creativity reopening from July 6th. Rules include one vistor per m2 and the duration of rehearsals should not exceed 2 hours.Compendium country report4914
GeorgiaMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 20th. Rules include one visitor per 5 m2 in exhibition halls and visitors should wear face masks in closed areas.Compendium country report4914
GreeceAudiovisualOpen-air cinemas reopened on June 1st, other cinemas on July 1st.Compendium country report10,73148
GreecePerforming artsOpen-air live spectacles (theatre performances, concerts etc.) proceeded on July 1stCompendium country report10,73148
GreeceMuseumsOpen air- archaeological sites reopened on May 18th and other museums on June 15th.NEMO10,73148
HungaryMuseumsOpen air museums reopening from May 4th. Other museums started to open their doors to the public again on June 27th.NEMO9,84078
HungaryPerforming artsFrom May 28th: up to 1/4 capacity & one row in between audience members. From June 18th: No restrictions for theatres and concerts if seated. Performances allowed indoors & outdoors without masks and no social distancePearle*9,84078
HungaryAudiovisualSome cinemas reopened on May 18th, while most independent cinemas are set to reopen on May 25th with a 30% capacity. Multiplexes remained closed at least until June 15th.European Audiovisual Observatory9,84078
IrelandAudiovisualCinemas reopening from August 10th.European Audiovisual Observatory4,925334
IrelandMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 29th.NEMO4,925334
IrelandPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from August 10th.Pearle*4,925334
ItalyAudiovisualCinemas reopening from June 15th with maximum 200 people and 1 000 for open air cinemas.European Audiovisual Observatory60,4237500
ItalyMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 18th, complying with regulations and health measures which have been agreed upon by State and Regions.NEMO60,4237500
ItalyPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from June 15th with a maximum of 200 persons seated indoor and 1.000 persons seated outdoor ( audience + professionals). No standing options.Pearle*60,4237500
LatviaAudiovisualCinemas reopening from May 12th. Re-opening conditions: limited to 25 people per screening and a distance of 2m.European Audiovisual Observatory1,91,9
LatviaPerforming artsFrom May 15th: up to 25 people. From June 20th: outdoor up to 200 persons, indoor up to 50 persons.Pearle*1,91,9
LatviaMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 13th. A campaign was launched to encourage visitors to return to the museum, assuring them of the additional measures taken on behalf of public health and wellbeing.NEMO1,91,9
LithuaniaAudiovisualCinemas reopening from May 30th. The number of moviegoers is limited to between 30 and 100, depending on the size of the hall. Starting June 16th, Lithuania will gradually lift more restrictions on the size of gatherings.European Audiovisual Observatory2,81776
LithuaniaMuseumsMuseums reopening from April 27th with restrictions of one person per 10 m² and no groups allowed, with an exception of families.NEMO2,81776
MaltaMuseumsPartial reopening of museums since June.Heritage Malta 0,5656
MaltaMonumentsSome heritage sites reopening from the weekend of June 13th. The sites will be open only during the weekends with free entrance.Heritage Malta0,5656
NetherlandsAudiovisualCinemas reopening from June 1st with a maximum of 30 people per hall. From July 1st, there will be no maximum, as long as people maintain a 1.5 metre distance.Compendium country report17,449087
NetherlandsMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 1st without a maximum of people. Reservations are required in order to guarantee distance (1.5 metre) between visitors.Compendium country report17,449087
NetherlandsMonumentsMonuments reopening from June 1st without a maximum of people. Reservations are required in order to guarantee distance (1.5 metre) between visitors.Compendium country report17,449087
NetherlandsPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from June 1st with a maximum of 30 people per hall. From July 1st, there will be no maximum, as long as people maintain a 1.5 metre distance.Compendium country report17,449087
NetherlandsLibrariesLibraries reopening from May 11th, permitted their visitors keep 1,5 metre distance from one-another.Compendium country report17,449087
NorwayAudiovisualCinemas reopening from May 7th. Audiences imited to 50 people per screen, with a minimum of one meter separating each person. If all goes well, this will be expanded to 200 people fom June 15th.European Audiovisual Observatory5,48631
NorwayMuseumsMuseums reopening from June 15th.NEMO5,48631
NorwayPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening May 7th for a maximum amount of 50 persons. From June 15th the maximum amount of audiences will increase to 200 persons. Up to 500 persons in audience will be allowed from Sep 1st.Pearle*5,48631
PolandAudiovisualCinemas and other large venues can reopen starting 6 June, at half capacity, and viewers will have to wear masks.European Audiovisual Observatory3830195
PolandPerforming artsFrom June 6th: caped at 50% capacity seated every other row and with one empty chair between every two attendants, except for the disabled with their carers and people with kids under 13.Pearle*3830195
PolandMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 4th with guidelines published by The National Institute for Museums and Public Collections.NEMO3830195
PortugalAudiovisualCinemas reopening from June 1st with restrictions (all rows can be occupied; the seats that are available will have to be identified and there will be one seat separating each spectator, they can only sit together if they live together).European Audiovisual Observatory10,337336
PortugalMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 18th.NEMO10,337336
PortugalPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening from June 1st.Pearle*10,337336
RomaniaMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 15th. Some of the exhibitions, those put on before the crisis, have been digitalized, while all the major projects of museums until autumn are likely to be cancelled.NEMO19,422415
RomaniaArt galleriesArt galleries reopening from May 15th with necessary measures for sanitary safety.Compendium country report19,422415
RomaniaLibrariesLibraries reopening from May 15th with necessary measures for sanitary safety.Compendium country report19,422415
SerbiaMuseumsMuseums reopened the last week of April. Visitors are obligated to wear masks and gloves and keep distance from other visitors.NEMO712426
SerbiaPerforming artsTheatres, cinemas and concert venues are reopening on August 24th, with max. 500 people in the audience, obligatory masks and 1.5m distance.Compendium country report712426
SerbiaAudiovisualTheatres, cinemas and concert venues are reopening on August 24th, with max. 500 people in the audience, obligatory masks and 1.5m distance.Compendium country report712426
SpainMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 11th with a control of 1/3 capacity within rooms.NEMO46,9244328
SpainPerforming artsLive performance venues reopening May 11th for a maximum amount of 30 persons indoor and 200 persons outdoor. From May 26th up to 1/3 capacity with cap at 50 persons indoor and 400 persons outdoor.
From June 10th with 1/2 capacity with cap at 80 persons indoor and 800 persons outdoor.
Pearle*46,9244328
SpainAudiovisualCinemas reopening from May 25 (depending on the regions) at 1/3 capacity, while most theatrical exhibitors are aligned for a national reopening at 1/2 capacity from June 26th.European Audiovisual Observatory46,9244328
SwitzerlandAudiovisualCinemas allowed to reopen in Switzerland from June 6th. Re-opening conditions: Limit up to 300 moviegoers, 2m minimum distance between moviegoers, masks, frequent cleanings and tracing of every moviegoer.European Audiovisual Observatory8,631063
SwitzerlandMuseumsMuseums reopening from May 11th.NEMO8,631063
SwitzerlandPerforming artsFrom June 6th: up to 300 persons. Hygiene and social distancing rules must still be observed.
From June 24th: Federal Council will decide on events for up to 1000 persons. Hygiene and social distancing rules must still be observed.
Pearle*8,631063
United KingdomAudiovisualCinemas will be reopening on July 4th with social distancing measures.European Audiovisual Observatory66,7298136
United KingdomMuseumsMuseums reopening from July 4th.NEMO66,7298136
United KingdomArt galleriesCommercial art galleries reopening from June 15th. Resevations are required, as well as sanitary measures. All art galleries reopening from July 4th.Artlyst66,7298136
United KingdomPerforming artsAlthough performing arts venues have been able to reopen since August, the requirement to comply with social distancing rules means audiences cannot exceed 20-25% of capacity and thus it has not been viable for most to do so. Many are not planning to reopen before Spring 2021.Compendium country report66,7298136

* The sum of COVID-19 cases is based on updates from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.