Swedish was recognised as the official language of Sweden in 2009, with the new Language Law (2009:600), a law that also guarantees the use of Swedish as the language of Swedish government agencies and other public institutions, including universities and museums. Generally, formulated rules on the use of the Swedish language in the legislation for radio, TV and public administration have existed for a long time.
The parliament enacted a law in 1999 entitling individuals to use Sami, Finnish and Meänkieli in dealings with administrative authorities and courts of law in localities in which these languages continue to be used. The law also requires municipalities to offer pre-school activities, but also care for the elderly in official minority languages. Yiddish and Romani Chib were also recognised as official minority languages.