The data in Table 6 show a high level of decentralisation in public spending on culture. Traditionally, the territorial governments (autonomous and local) account approximately for 86% of government spending in the sector. In 2016, regional and municipal authorities spent a total of EUR 4 137 698 000, of which 25.5% was spent by the regional powers and 74.5% by municipal authorities. The regions spending the highest percentage on culture in Spain were Catalonia (25.2%), Andalusia (14.7%), Basque Country (10.1%) and Madrid (8.2%).
The evolution of public cultural expenditure over the period 2010-2016 shows a decrease of 30% in nominal terms, and 34.2% at constant prices for 2016. This negative trend can be explained by the decline in regional cultural expenditure that amounted to 40.4%, in nominal terms, and 43.9%, in real terms. This is followed by the reduction of central funding, which suffered a decrease of 36.9% (40.7% in real terms), and in local funding that decreased by 23.7% (28.2% in real terms).
Table 6. Public cultural expenditure by level of government, 2010 and 2016
|Level of government||2010||2016*|
|Total||%||Per capita||Total||%||Per capita|
|State (central, federal)||1 050 642||15||22.6||662 627||14||14.3|
|Regional (provincial, Länder, etc.)||1 769 059||26||38.1||1 054 331||22||22.7|
|Local (municipal, incl. counties)||4 042 551||59||87.0||3 083 367||64||66.4|
|TOTAL||6 862 252||100%||147.7||4 800 325||100%||103.4|
Note: * Provisional data.
Source: Ministry of Culture and Sport (several years) Cultural Statistics Yearbook.