Vocational education prepares students to work in a professional field, such as arts and crafts, graphic arts or glass and ceramics. Such courses tend to be organised into intermediate and higher training cycles.
There is an ongoing reform of vocational training in Spain with the competencies in the area under the new Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (created in July 2018). All the information is disseminated through the site. The curricula are organised around 24 fields that correspond to the REFERNET European Framework (for details see here). The following fields are related to the cultural and creative industries: graphic arts; arts and crafts; sound and image; informatics and communications; wood, furniture and cork crafts; socio-cultural services to the community; textile, fashion and leather; glass and ceramics.
The National Institute of Qualifications describes the process by which workers can obtain recognition, assessment, accreditation and documentation of their professional qualifications (for details see here).
The number of students who were studying vocal training in the cultural sphere was 27 204 during the academic year 2016-2017. This number is equal to 4.3% of the total number of students in vocal training.
Outside the general educational system, the Institute of Cultural Heritage of Spain runs the School of Historic Heritage in Nájera (La Rioja). The Institute organises courses to train specialists in the preservation, conservation and management of cultural goods. The Institute also focuses on research and the dissemination of criteria, methods and techniques to preserve and transmit cultural heritage.
Other initiatives are the Public School of Cultural Training in Andalusia and the Andalusian Institute for Cultural Heritage. The regional government runs the Public School of Cultural Training that offers a lifelong, professional training in three areas: artistic, technical and management. The Andalusian Institute of Cultural Heritage offers a similar programme in collaboration with other agents.
Professional associations also provide lifelong training programs to their members: for example the State Federation of Associations of Cultural Managers (FEAGC) and the Spanish Association for the Heritage Management (AEGPC).