The Ministry of Education is responsible for arts education at primary and secondary level. The programme was insufficient, although in 2008 a positive trend was initiated when the Minister of Education introduced new guidelines increasing the number of music and art lessons at schools. The basic school programme is supported by cultural centres and activities of other institutions, which provide their own arts education programmes.
According to the Report on the arts education system, prepared for the Polish Culture Congress 2009, there are 354 public art schools and 279 private ones. The public schools are organised / supervised by:
- the Minister of Culture and National Heritage (260 units, 10 527 teachers and 57 130 students); and
- the self-governmental administration at all levels (94 units, 2 640 teachers, 15 524 students).
The first primary and secondary private art schools were created at the beginning of the 1990s. They filled the gap where no public art school existed. Today, 115 of the private schools have public licenses. The private arts education system employs 1 350 teachers and educates 8 200 students.