In 2009, the population of Hungary was 10 030 975. Total public cultural expenditure was 150 917 million HUF, about 0.57% of the country’s GDP. According to Eurostat, in 2014, among EU countries, Hungary and Estonia registered the largest ratio to GDP of government expenditure in the ‘recreation, culture and religion’ function, both 2.0 % of GDP.
Public cultural expenditure per capita was 15 045 HUF, about 56 EUR. The share of cultural expenditure of the total public expenditure in 2009 was 1.69%.
No further detailed information is available on expenditure after 2009. Access to financial data has become even more difficult than before; in 2013 the website of the state secretariat for culture is limited to news, announcements and to the presentation of the structure and main responsibilities.
Table 4: Public cultural expenditure by level of government in billion HUF, 2010-2014
|Categories by UN classification (COFOG)||2010||2012||2014|
|Broadcasting and publishing services||84||4||88||164||4||168||100||6||106|
|Religious and other community services||62||14||76||74||13||87||93||15||108|
Source: Eurostat COFOG (Other = Recreation, culture and religion n.e.c.).
Public cultural expenditure decreased both centrally and at local level in the years after the crisis. On the other hand the government has been spending significantly more on communication (especially on public television), as well as on subsidising churches.
In 2015 the major part of the state cultural contribution went to the music scene. For programme organisation the Liszt Ferenc Music Academy received 800 million HUF state support; the World Music Expo – WOMEX was supported by 387 million HUF; Europa Cantat choir festival received 110 million HUF. The state support for the Hungarian State Opera House has never been as high as it was in 2015: in one single year it was increased by 1.8 billion HUF. The support of Budapest Operetta-theatre has been a priority as well. Two important institutions from the heritage field, the Hungarian National Museum and the Hungarian Heritage House have been supported by 100 million and 150 million respectively.