In April 1998, the government adopted the programme Priorities and Procedures of the Government for the Enforcement of Equal Opportunities for Men and Women, which characterises the main aims, methods, and procedures in the field of gender policy for the first time. Each year in June a progress report is submitted to the government and updated measures for the given year are approved. The body responsible for this issue is the Government Council for Equal Opportunities of Women and Men operating under the Office of the Government of the CR. The Council has been working since 2001 and it draws up proposals for promoting and achieving equal opportunities, it discusses the conceptual guidelines for government procedure in this area, it coordinates the basic guidelines for ministerial concepts, and it sets the priority areas for ministerial projects, and so on. The Council is made up of representatives of the ministries, unions, academic institutions, and NGOs. ‘Optimising the Institutional Infrastructure of Equal Opportunities for Men and Women in the Czech Republic’(2012-2015) was a project of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs run within the framework of the Structural Funds of the Operational Programme of Human Resources and Employment. The aim is to formulate effective instruments and policies in support of equal opportunities.
The Czech Statistical Office in cooperation with the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic annually publishes a book titled Focus on Women, Focus on Men; the 20th edition, the most recent one, came out in December 2019. The book examines the differences between women and men in various fields of life in modern society (most data is for the year 2018). The publication of this book constitutes the Czech Statistical Office’s fulfilment of Task No. 13 of the Minimum Standards that are part of the Government Strategy for the Equality of Women and Men in the Czech Republic for 2014–2020.
The publication contains a number of international comparisons and a section with selected results from sociological research on gender issues and data from the research of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MLSA). According to the 2018 version of this publication, among people working in the fields of culture, entertainment and recreation, 48.5% were women and 48.4% were men. In the Czech Republic the total employment rate among women was 69.6% and among men, it was 83.3% (in the EU28 the figures are an employment rate of 68.2% among women and 79.2% among men).
The MC does not directly deal with equal opportunities for men and women in its programmes but it supports entities that deal with gender issues – for example in the selection procedure for the ‘One World’ international film festival on human rights. The issue of gender and feminism is generally widely discussed in the CR and there are many non-governmental organisations involved in related activities, such as the Association for Equal Opportunities for Men and Women, which organises various seminars and represents 30 women’s and family organisations. The platform for gender issues is a website (http://www.feminismus.cz) that also includes the database of the Gender Studies Library, a public benefit organisation, with academic and diploma theses about this topic. Another important website is http://www.proequality.cz (ProEquality Centre), which aims to initiate new tools to support equal opportunities for men and women, not only in the labour market, but also to provide services for public administration in the field of gender expertise and actively participate in public debates about essential topics concerning equal opportunities for men and women.
Gender Studies is one of the masters’ programmes offered at the Faculty of Humanities of Charles University, which also teaches some undergraduate level courses in this subject area.