Towns and municipalities act in conformity with the Act on Municipalities and they are responsible for the general cultural development and needs of their citizens. Some municipalities establish cultural institutions, especially municipal and local libraries, municipal galleries and municipal and local museums, theatres, orchestras and other specialised cultural institutions. Many towns announce specialised tenders for the support of cultural projects. Some towns, especially the bigger ones, have their own cultural policy or strategy focused on cultural and creative industries.
Cultural policy is of course also shaped by civil society and initiatives in this field that have emerged over time in the Czech Republic. This level has an influence on the transformation of the cultural policies of towns and also influences cultural policy at the state level. The biggest influence is evident in the changes in grant and other support systems in the field of culture and in the establishment of advisory bodies and more.