The original 7 regions that were established along with districts in 1960 were cancelled in 1990. Fourteen regions were established on the basis of Constitutional Act No. 347/1997 Coll. on creating higher territorial units. The regions were created from 76 districts that were abolished when the regions were established, and they commenced activity on 1 January 2001.
The regions support the development of culture and establish regional libraries, museums and galleries, regional theatres, orchestras, and institutes of archaeological preservation from their budget. The regions also co-create the financial, conceptual, and legislative conditions for the development of culture in the region in line with the concepts of the government of the CR and recommendations of the Ministry of Culture.