The main principles of the Copyright and Related Rights Act, which came into force on 8 October 1996, are those current in European countries. First of all, it follows the “continental” conception of copyright as a personal right, preferring this to the Anglo-Saxon vision, which stresses the commercial side of copyright. Secondly, the term “author” is interpreted broadly, as it is in other countries with high standards of copyright protection. In the audiovisual field, authorship is not restricted to directors, scriptwriters and composers, but extends to cameramen and set-designers too.
The Act also recognises related rights, performers’ rights, and the rights of phonogram producers and broadcasting bodies (TV and radio). Inherited rights are also acknowledged, for a period of 50 years after an author’s death. Proportional payment, which is more profitable for authors and other rights-holders, is the only type expressly provided for. Only the minimum rate of payment is fixed by the state, and methods of payment are to be negotiated between rights-holders and the users of their works.