In the Netherlands, approximately two-thirds of public cultural expenditure comes from the municipalities, spending EUR 107.81 per capita on average in 2017. Average spending by the provinces in 2017 is EUR 17.70 per capita, and the central government spends EUR 43.36 per capita. The gross cultural expenditure per capita in 2017 (excluding media) was EUR 168.37 when using the data from Statistics Netherlands and the annual reports of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. Using Eurostat’s COFOG ‘99 classification, cultural expenditure per capita is EUR 175.92 (2017).
Until 2009, the contribution of culture to GDP always fluctuated at around 2.5 percent. In 2012, the contribution of culture to GDP declined to 2.3 percent. In 2016 this figure is the same.
Public expenditure on culture in percentage of the GDP in 2017 was 0.4 percent.
Public expenditure on culture in percentages of the total public expenditure in 2017 was 0.96 percent (COFOG ‘99). This shows a decrease of 15.6 percent compared to the situation in 2005 (1.25 percent) but an increase of 6.7 percent when compared to 2015 (0.90 percent). This is mainly caused by the culmination of budget cuts that became effective in 2015 in all three tiers of government after the main budget cuts on culture by the central government in 2013. These budget cuts were followed by cuts in provincial (2014) and municipal (2015) funding of culture.