In the Netherlands, the Copyright Act 1912 and the Neighbouring Rights Act 1993 protect literary, scientific or artistic works. Because the European Directive 2006/116/EC on the term of protection of copyright and related rights was replaced by the European Directive 2011/77/EU in 2011, both Dutch acts were amended in 2013. In line with this directive, copyright accrues to the creator of a work until 70 years after the creator’s death while neighbouring rights are in place for 70 years from the moment a work is introduced. Previously, the Copyright Act, the Neighbouring Rights Act and the Database Act 1999 (which is based on the European Database Directive 96/9/EG)were amended in 2004 to implement the European Directive 2001/29/EG on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society. Since 2014, The Netherlands also acts in accordance to the EU directive on certain permitted uses of orphan works. In 2015, the Copyright Contract Act was implemented, providing cultural producers with a stronger negotiating position against those operating their work.