The Law on Information (1992, with amendments 2000-2012, 2014-2016) determines general legal principles for receiving, using, distributing and keeping information, secures its protection and defends an individual and society against incorrect information.
The Law on Data Protection in Information and Telecommunication Systems was adopted in 1994. Amendments and changes were introduced in 2004, 2009 and 2014. This Law and respective government resolutions are aimed at establishing regulative principles of legal relations concerning data protection in databases “under observance of property rights of Ukrainian citizens and legal entities to information and access to information”. In other words, it deals with relations between owners of information or systems and users.
The Ukrainian Law on Access to Public Information came into force on 9 May 2011 (amendments were introduced in 2014 and 2015). According to the law, access to information about the activities and decisions of public authorities should be provided according to the following procedure: the information should be published in the media and in official publications, provided on request, posted on official Web sites on the Internet, and provided through the information services of the public authorities. According to the document, information on the activities of the authorities is mandatory for disclosure.
In 2017, Verkhovna Rada adopted other laws related to data protection – On the main principles for ensuring cyber security of Ukraine and On electronic confidential services. The first determines legal principles of the state policy for cyber security taking into account cyber attacks toward public infrastructure of critical significance. The later was elaborated by the Ministry of Justice and Administration of the State Service for Special Communication and Information Protection of Ukraine with an objective to reform laws related to the electronic (digital) signature basing on EU practice.