According to the data of the State Committee for television and radio broadcasting, there were 3 221 printed periodicals registered in Ukraine in 2017 (submitting one obligatory copy to the State Committee).
Table 5: Printed media in Ukraine in terms of founders/owners, 2016
|Number of editions||Number of copies, thou||Number of editions||Number of copies, thou.||Number of editions||Number of copies, thou|
|Total:||2 131||622 792,0||416||582 275,0||1 715||40 517,0|
|Local self-governments||34||33 680,4||27||33 670,3||7||10,1|
|State authorities||96||27 389,7||23||25 905,4||73||1 484,3|
|Public organizations, enterprises||66||3 826,8||3||3 623,6||63||203,2|
|Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Research institutes||262||166,9||—||—||262||166,9|
|Editorial boards of printed media||71||84 423,5||42||83 128,3||29||1 295,2|
|Civil society organizations, professional associations, foundations||108||11 365,6||45||11 134,5||63||231,1|
|Political parties||12||1 717,7||12||1 717,7||—||—|
|Companies, trade enterprises||523||412 517,2||190||381 720,9||333||30 796,3|
|Private entrepreneurs||156||45 112,9||62||40 072,2||94||5 040,7|
Source: State Committee for television and radio broadcasting of Ukraine, 2017.
There are 120 information agencies in Ukraine, 5 of which are state-owned. The key state-owned information agency Ukrinform, located in Kyiv, issues daily 500 prompt reports in English, German, Russian and Ukrainian, around 200 photos and an audio digest. Ukrinform delivers information to the media, TV channels, radio stations, official establishments and local governments, foreign embassies and Ukrainian diplomatic missions abroad, and the foreign media. The server “UKRINFORM-NEWS” offers on-line free access to the sites: “Nations of the World”, “Business Ukraine”, “Integral Ukraine”, “Ukrinform Audio / Video”, “BSANNA” and “Press Center”.
Table 6: Dynamics of satellite TV development in Ukraine, 2016
Source: National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting, 2017.
There are no special legislative mechanisms or governmental programmes to promote cultural issues through media or encourage the production of cultural programmes, or any specific training programmes for journalists working in the cultural sphere.
In 2016, 49.3% of the population aged 17-64 in Ukraine had access to and used the Internet. The number of Internet users in Ukraine, according to the State Statistics Service (SSSU), is continuously increasing. In September 2009 there were 7.2 million users compared with 3.2 million in 2006. In 2010 their number had reached 11.3 million, and in 2016 13.6 million. Men constitute 51% of users and women 49%. 36% are users aged between 14-29 years and 29% are aged between 25-39 years; this indicates that the main Internet audience in Ukraine is young.
The development of information technologies, and in particular the Internet, is significantly transforming the way people access, create, produce and disseminate cultural content and ideas, influencing people’s opportunities to access and participate in cultural life. One of the priorities of national cultural and information policies is to introduce the Internet and NITC use in the regions, especially, in rural areas through educational and cultural institutions – schools, libraries and museums.