Vocational education and professional education and training are regulated by the corresponding Act (VPETA) of the 13th December 2002. It is regulated at the federal level and is based mainly on a dual system. This model offers training shared between the company providing training (practical) and the vocational school (theory).
A defining feature of the Swiss VPETA system is its close correlation with the labour market. Indeed, the training echoes the actual market demand and available jobs. This close relation to the labour market is essential, as it allows a very high employment rate.
Two thirds of young people in Switzerland opt for a VET programme. The statistics on VET 2020 show that of a total of 74 208 qualifications (Federal Certificate of Proficiency (FVC) and with Federal Vocational Certificate (VETC)), 2024 qualifications, i.e. around 2.73%, could be attributed to a culture-related field in 2020. The three most common occupational groups based on these figures are audiovisual techniques and media production (1 273 qualifications), arts and crafts (333 qualifications) and fashion, interior design and industrial design (289 qualifications).