The cantons are the main bodies responsible for schools and education in general. Language-regional curricula are used in compulsory schooling (Lehrplan 21, Plan d’études romand, Piano di studio), while cantonal curricula are used for teaching at the gymnasium-based Matura schools and the “Fachmittelschulen”.
In the last years specifically, the Federal Constitution began to allow the State to promote art and music, especially in the education sector. The 2021-2024 Culture Dispatch mentions two important points regarding education: the importance of supporting new generations of artists; the importance of arts –and particularly music- in the frame of schooling. It can be said that both points also contribute to two central pivots in contemporary cultural policies: cultural participation and social cohesion.
As the complex mosaic that Switzerland composes, art education is a way of promoting cultural exchange between linguistic regions, reinforcing local talents and region-specific traditions.