Labour relations, including employment contracts, are regulated by the Swiss Code of Obligations (CO, in particular, Article 319 ff.), and are monitored by professional artists associations.
Salaries in the Federal Administration consist of a basic salary, allowances, bonuses and fringe benefits and are published in salary tables on the website of the Federal Personnel Office (FPO) (legal basis: Federal Personnel Act (FPA), Federal Personnel Ordinance (FOPI)). The statutory promotion of Switzerland’s quadrilingualism has a direct influence on the recruitment processes of federal employees (Art. 7 LangO; see 4.1.8).
According to data from the Federal Statistical Office (Cultural workers: Number, socio-demographic profile and working conditions (2021)), the share of employed cultural workers in full-time employment in Switzerland has decreased from 55.7% to 49.8% of cultural workers between 2010 and 2019 (before Covid-19), while the share of part-time workers (< 50%) has increased from 20.5% to 22.5%. The (consistently) high proportion of women among part-time workers (< 50%) is striking: 31.9%, compared to 13.4% for men (2019 data). The number of self-employed in the cultural sector (definition by the FSO), has increased from 41.5% to 45.1% between 2010 and 2019.
In terms of the overall labour market, according to the Federal Statistical Office, both the share of workers in temporary employment (from 1.9% to 2.5%) and the share of workers with multiple employers (from 6.5% to 7.7%) increased between 2005 and 2016. The share of atypical-precarious employment (at least one form of temporal or economic insecurity compared to a normal employment relationship) fluctuated between 2.2 and 2.5 % in the years 2010-2016, but without a clear upward or downward trend. Teleworking has become increasingly important over the past 20 years and the private home is gaining importance as a second place of work. The number of workers who teleworked at least occasionally, from 2001 to 2019, increased from 250 000 to 1.1 million, according to the Federal Statistics Office. People who telework regularly, but less than 50% of the time, accounted for a total of 10.6% of the employed population in 2019. According to a Federal Council report on the impact of digitalisation on employment and working conditions – opportunities and risks (2017), the Federal Council did not yet see any immediate need for legislative action in the context of labour law aspects of telework.