Since the introduction of a Library Law in January 1997 (Bibliotekslagen, Swedish Code of Statutes 1996:1596), municipalities have been obliged to maintain a public library and to refrain from levying any direct charge for its loans to members of the public. From the beginning of 2014, municipalities and counties are obligated to have politically decided library planes, covering the coordination of public libraries, including school libraries, in their territories.
Originators of literary works (authors, translators and illustrators) are, according to the Government Statute on The Swedish Writers’ Fund (1962:652), compensated for public lending through the Swedish Authors’ Fund. The Fund allocates government compensation for public lending from libraries. A portion of this compensation is given to the individual author in direct proportion to the number of public loans of his / her work; another portion is transferred to the Fund itself, from which grants and scholarships are allocated to writers etc. (e.g. books, reading, translation, libraries).