There is no comprehensive legal framework for artists in Sweden; general principles for social security and taxes apply. There are several artists’ unions representing their members in labour market negotiations. These also function as lobbying groups with the government and the public authorities. In general, artists have lower incomes than the average person, which affects general social security for the individual.
Self-employed artists have specific problems vis-à-vis public health insurance, pensions and unemployment insurance, since their business, often small-sized, is not comparable to the other trade or enterprise. Some of the specific national or regional grants to individual artists are not taxable (one- and two-year scholarships) and thus, cannot be included in the life- income that relates to their pension.
Government support is given for intermediary employment centres within the fields of theatre, music, photography and film, for data banks, and for training facilities for professional dancers and actors during periods between job contracts.