The issue of gender equality is clearly a major challenge for Spanish society, addressed in the 3/2007 Act for effective equality between women and men. It establishes special recommendations for cultural policy making, in recognising the duty of the authorities to implement the right of equal treatment and opportunities for women and men in all aspects related to the creation, the artistic and intellectual production, and their dissemination. The Act also provides for the implementation of active policies, translated into economic incentives, and for the promotion of balanced participation of men and women in artistic and cultural public offering. In the same vein, the 7/2010 Act on Audiovisual Communication aims to prevent and eliminate gender discrimination in the context of the provisions on advertising and media included in the 1/2004 Act on Integrated Protection Measures against Gender Violence and the 3/2007 Act.
Recently, the Act 14/2011 of Science has recognised the central role of institutions of the current Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport in the dissemination of science. This consideration allows them to participate in research projects funded by state funds, which seek to promote scientific activity. The Act also attributes a main role to these agents in “public science communication” and, therefore, in the dissemination of scientific knowledge, a mission that fits with the social vocation of these cultural institutions.