Intercultural education in Serbia is not part of the general school curricula, unless one considers the possibility to learn the “language of the community” (which remained in the system from the socialist government’s educational policy of the 1970s and means to learn one of the languages of ethnic minorities, i.e. giving the possibility to Serbian children living in cities with e.g. Hungarian or Slovak populations, to learn these languages). Education about world cultures, religions and traditions is integrated within the curricula, as part of history, geography and literary studies, as well as in music and visual arts. Art and music schools have introduced, into the general curriculum, artistic experiences from different parts of the world; literature classes have readings from the texts belonging to the writers of national cultural minorities’.
In 2003, the Ministry of Education, under political pressure to introduce religious education in primary schools, made a compromise to introduce together religious education and civic education. Within civic education, teachers are encouraged to use arts and culture in teaching about human rights, citizens’ rights and responsibilities, understanding of different world religions, etc.
The only MA in intercultural mediation within the cultural management discipline was launched in 2002 at the University of Arts in Belgrade (UNESCO Chair).