There are three main institutions that shape and implement Lithuanian film policy: the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania, the Film Policy Council and the Lithuanian Film Centre.
While shaping and implementing the national cultural policy in the field of cinema, the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania performs the following functions laid down in the Law on Cinema: 1) forms national film policy and prepares drafts of laws and other legal acts in the field of cinema; 2) analyses the trends of cinema development in the Republic of Lithuania and in foreign countries, initiates and drafts strategic planning documents in the field of cinema (concepts, strategies, programmes), and carries out the monitoring of implementation of these documents; 3) upon the assignment of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania or the Prime Minister, represents the Republic of Lithuania in foreign countries or international organisations; within its competence and in accordance with the established procedure maintains contacts with respective foreign institutions and international organisations and, in accordance with the procedure provided for by the Republic of Lithuania Law on International Treaties, concludes and implements the international treaties; 4) coordinates and controls the activities of the Lithuanian Film Centre under the Ministry of Culture.
The Ministry of Culture is consulted by the Film Policy Council. The Council is a collegiate and advisory institution under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania, functioning on a voluntary basis and dealing with the issues of the Lithuanian film policy. Its goal is to address the key film policy issues and provide the Minister of Culture with proposals and conclusions concerning the strategic planning and measures of strengthening the field of cinema, development programmes and their aims and reached outcomes, state funding, preservation of film heritage, the drafting and/or improvement of legal acts governing the field of cinema, as well as other film related issues pointed out by the Minister of Culture.
The Lithuanian Film Centre is a state institution established in 2012 under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania. The functions of the Film Centre are defined by the amendment on the Law on Film (2002) of 2011. According to the law, the Film Centre: 1) participates in the formation of State film policy; 2) implements State film policy and exercise the functions entrusted thereto in accordance with the Law and other legal acts; 3) organises film project tenders for State funding; 4) gives advice to film producers concerning the preparation of film projects; 5) allocates State funding for film projects; 6) exercises control over the use and reporting of State funding; etc.
According to the data of Lithuanian Film Centre, in 2019, in the Lithuanian film industry there have been working 57 film production companies, 10 professional associations, 3 organisations that defend rights of the creators working in audiovisual sector and copyright in general, 1 incubator of audiovisual arts, 3 local film offices, 11 film distributors, 28 cinemas, and 17 other companies that provide services of post-production, film montage, casting, camera rental, search for filming locations, sound recording and subtitling. Lithuanian and foreign films are featured in 16 Lithuanian film festivals.
Table 20: Facts and figures of Lithuanian film industry 2014–2018
|Average admissions per capita||1.11||1.13||1.29||1.44||1.53|
|Total number of admissions*||3 234 595||3 330 518||3 668 370||4 060 159||4 265 414|
|Gross Box Office (in EUR)||14 378 587||15 391 806||17 724 516||20 392 625||22 444 111|
|Lithuanian films gross box office (in EUR)||3 333 829||2 126 232||3 463 809||4 536 088||6 250 538|
|Average ticket price (in EUR)||4.29||4.62||4.83||5.00||5.26|
|Total number of cinemas||28||28||27||27||26|
|Domestic films market share, %||23.18||13.81||19.50||21.47||27.9|
|European films market share, %||13.90||17.80||8.50||14.00||11.8|
|US films market share, %||60.28||65.48||71.50||64.62||58.7|
|Other countries films market share, %||2.64||2.91||0.50||0.94||1.6|
|Total number of national premieres||14||10||13||11||21|
|Total number of national feature films produced||8||11||21||15||28|
|Total number of films distributed||261||290||291||309||351|
Source: Lithuanian Film Centre
* Excluding festival admissions
After the restoration of independence in 1990, the Lithuanian film industry was one of the smallest in Europe. During the first decade of independence, only 20 domestic films were created, while during the second decade about 60 films. The situation changed with the establishment of the Lithuanian Film Centre in 2012 that became the main institution of the implementation of film policy.
Table 21: Total budget of Lithuanian Film centre in 2015–2019
|Budget of Lithuanian Film Centre (in EUR)||3 073 737||3 519 000||4 619 000||6 423 000||6 431 000|
Source: Lithuanian Film Centre
Positive impact on the Lithuanian film industry was made by the Film Tax Incentive that came into effect in January 2014 as a new policy measure to foster local and foreign film production in Lithuania. The incentive is regulated by the Article 172 of the Lithuanian Law on Corporate Income Tax (2001) which supplemented the Law with the provision about the reduction of taxable income due to funds granted free of charge for the production of a film or a part thereof (see chapter 4.1.4). Due to the incentive, in the period between 2014 and the end of 2017, investors in Lithuania provided funds for the production of 68 films, including 22 national films, 23 co-production films and 23 foreign production films. In total, over 8.5 million EUR was invested in film production in Lithuania during this period, 1 million EUR (11.2%) for national films, almost 2.8 million EUR (32.8%) for co-productions, and almost 4.8 million EUR (56%) for foreign films.
After these two political steps – the establishment of the Lithuanian Film Centre in 2012 and the introduction of the tax incentive in 2014 – the production of domestic films increased in Lithuania by almost 50 per cent compared to the period of 2009–2011.
Table 22: Domestic films produced in 2009–2018
Source: Lithuanian Film Centre
Radio and Television
According to the data of the Lithuanian Radio and Television Commission, in 2018, there were 107 media companies in Lithuania. 26 of them broadcasted TV programmes, 6 broadcasted TV online only, 27 re-broadcasted TV, and 41 broadcasted or re-broadcasted radio (see chapter 2.5.3 for more about media policy and content).
Domestic programmes of radio, television and other sectors of Lithuanian audiovisual industry are promoted through the Press, Radio and Television Support Foundation. The Foundation implements three funding programmes related to the audiovisual industry: 1) national radio and television; 2) regional radio and television; 3) the Internet media (see chapter 1.2.2 for more about the Press, Radio and Television Support Foundation).
Table 23: Fund allocation of the Press, Radio and Television Support Foundation in 2016–2019
|National radio and television broadcasting||Regional radio and television broadcasting||Internet media||Total|
|2019||Number of projects||37||40||75||152|
|Amount allocated (in EUR)||406 980||197 000||414 090||1 018 070|
|2018||Number of projcts||33||39||72||144|
|Amount allocated (in EUR)||394 740||248 500||429000||1 072 240|
|2017||Number of projects||34||40||71||145|
|Amount allocated (in EUR)||403 081||206 000||431 252||1 040 333|
|2016||Number of projects||33||43||60||136|
|Amount allocated (in EUR)||408 269||210 000||421 537||1 039 806|