Cross-border cooperation is an important component of the Liechtenstein education system. This is particularly true of higher education and professional training, which a small state like Liechtenstein cannot provide entirely on its own. Liechtenstein is integrated into the common higher education area via bilateral agreements with its neighbours Switzerland and Austria.
In 2019/2020, of the 1,182 students from Liechtenstein registered at universities of applied sciences and universities, 73.4 per cent attended degree programmes at Swiss institutions, while a further 14.6 per cent were enrolled in degree programmes in Austria. According to education statistics, 71 per cent were students of the three specialisations of teacher training, business and services, as well as technology and IT. Only a very small number of students (20) studied “Music, Theatre and Other Arts” at universities of applied sciences.