In Article 40 of the Liechtenstein Constitution, freedom of expression is established, including media freedom for print, radio, television and digital media. Until 2005, Liechtenstein Media Law was fragmented and unclear:
The 1978 Radio and Television Act was the first comprehensive broadcasting enactment.
Article 22 of the Youth Act of 1979 provides for the protection of minors against morally dangerous or brutalising documents and materials.
The Information Act of 1999 regulates the dissemination of state information.
In 1999, the European Convention on Transfrontier Television entered into force.
The Media Promotion Act of 1999 installed a media promotion system guaranteeing the diversity of the media landscape and a free and independent process of forming opinion.
With the E-Commerce Act of 2003, Liechtenstein implements the EU directives regarding the information society.
With the 2003 legislative revision, Liechtenstein broadcasting was awarded the status of broadcasting under public law, such as exists in all European states.
With the Media Act of 2005, Liechtenstein revised and integrated the existing laws and endeavoured to do justice to the information age. The Media Act creates a new definition of media, strengthens the rights of the media and media representatives and standardises the duties and responsibilities of the media. The Act extends the protection of media consumers and creates transparency in media relationships and responsibilities. It prevents media concentration, a potential threat to diversity, and it implements the EU radio and broadcasting directives.
The Media Promotion Act of 2006 defines the specific Liechtenstein form of media promotion.