The Liechtenstein Data Protection Act of 2002 implements the 1995 EU directive: to guarantee the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. Included in the legislation are solutions originating in Austria and / or Germany, i.e. states with a generally uniform legal system similar to Liechtenstein’s. The same applies for Switzerland. In 2009, Liechtenstein established an independent and autonomous Data Protection Unit, as called for by Article 28 of the EU Data Protection Directive. In November 2008, Liechtenstein also signed the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime of 2001 (CCC) and amended its criminal laws accordingly.
In 2008, Liechtenstein further adjusted its Data Protection Law to the EU Data Protection Directive and strengthened the position of the Data Protection Commissioner. The Data Protection Unit is now attached to the Liechtenstein Parliament. It now also has the right to file complaints and lawsuits when the EU Directive is breached. Liechtenstein’s data protection has thus attained the level of the EU, as was necessary for Liechtenstein’s access to the Schengen / Dublin agreement at the end of 2011.