Higher education is available at 19 higher education establishments: 12 state-founded and 7 private universities in the fields of culture and creative industries (design, art, audiovisual media, architecture, music, culture, dance, art pedagogy, art therapy and cultural management). The following higher education establishments are under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture: Latvian Academy of
Culture, Jazeps Vitols Latvian Academy of Music, Latvian Academy of Art and the Latvian Culture College. In 2011, the Latvian Culture College changed its legal status and is now incorporated in the Latvian Academy of Culture, aiming to integrate and coordinate the academic curricula of both institutions in the future.
Following state independence in 1990, a number of changes took place in the organisation and curricula of art schools and universities – e.g. new programmes on the history of culture, traditional culture and folklore, theatre science, theatre and film directors, arts management, museology, etc. have been developed.