The latest curriculum of 2012 defines key competences, development fields and educational objectives. None of the development fields is related directly to art education. One of the nine key competences is aesthetic / artistic awareness and expression (in accordance with EU recommendations).
Table 11: Recommended amount of lessons (in %) per education fields, National Curricula 2012
|Education Fields||1-4th grade||5-6th grade||7-8th grade||9-10th grade||11-12th grade|
|Hungarian Language and Literature||27-40||15-22||10-15||10-15||10|
A minimum of two weekly “Singing and music” lessons and one “Drawing” lesson are included in the curriculum of primary and secondary schools.
From September 2001 a new obligatory subject called “Drama and Dance” was introduced in primary and secondary schools as part of the new framework curricula. The minimum is 18 classes a year but schools may optionally spend more hours on the subject.
These measures are based on reforms in teacher training. The following certificates are now available:
- drama teacher (Decree 8/1998, XII. 1 of the Ministry of Education);
- game and leisure time teacher (Decree 25/1999., VII.6 of the Ministry of Education); and
- dance and drama teacher (Decree 20/1999., IV. 21 of the Ministry of Education).
Cultural heritage studies are available at three universities or colleges in Hungary. (Roma Cultural Heritage Studies planned for Eger have not been launched yet.) The National Centre for Heritage Management and Services (Forster Gyula) has initiated a training programme and an online forum for high school teachers aiming to integrate cultural heritage (i.e. world heritage sites), including intangible heritage (world list of intangible heritage), in the curricula.