The Holy See has signed the following international conventions and agreements:
- the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, 24 July 1971, signed and ratified by the Holy See and Vatican City State on 20 January 1975;
- the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), 14 July 1967, signed and ratified by the Holy See and Vatican City State on 20 January 1975;
- the Multilateral Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation of Copyright Royalties, UNESCO-WIPO, 13 December 1979; and
- the Universal Copyright Convention, or Paris Act, 24 July 1971, ratified by the Holy See on 6 February 1980.