Art, music, literature and music education are components of school education and fall within the responsibility of the federal states (Länder), which organise them differently in terms of scope and quality.
In the 2017/2018 school year, 595,000 students were enrolled in artistic subjects such as music, art, literature or similar subjects in the qualification phases I and II of the upper secondary school system at general schools throughout Germany. In relation to the number of pupils, the indicator value for Germany was 1.0, meaning that on average every pupil took a course in an artistic subject. In this connection, the federal states had very different values: from 0.7 to 1.5, which can also be explained by the different school ordinances and laws in the individual states.
Figures on the type and scope of artistic
subjects in primary and secondary schools up to grade level are published in
the Education Report 2012 with the focus on Cultural Education. According to
these figures, the number of hours per week for compulsory artistic subjects in
the federal states is between 12 and 24, for lower secondary level I at
secondary modern school (Hauptschule) between 11 and 26, at secondary modern
school (Realschule) between 13 and 22 and at grammar school (Gymnasium) between
6 and 20 hours.
 Autorengruppe Bildungsberichterstattung(2012): Bildung in Deutschland 2012. Ein indikatorengestützter Bericht mit einer Analyse zur kulturellen Bildung im Lebenslauf, Bielefeld: Bertelsmann Verlag.