- Law n° 78-17 of 6 January 1978, called the “IT and Liberty Act” (Loi informatique et libertés). This law was modified in 2004 so as to transpose directive 95/46/ of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data into French law;
- Law n° 2000-230 of 13 March 2000 adapting the law of evidence to information technology and on the electronic signature;
- Law n° 2004-575 of 21 June 2004 called the “Confidence in digital economy Act” (Loi pour la confiance dans l’économie numérique).
In 1978, an Independent administrative authority (non-departmental public body) was installed to follow up the application of the “IT and Liberty Act”: the Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (CNIL, Commission on Information Technology and Liberties).
In 2013, the departments of the Ministry drew up a “Culture Data Guide” to help cultural actors to choose from the various available legal instruments in building a digital strategy for the circulation and reuse of their data: https://semaphore.culture.gouv.fr/documents/10746/1502772/GUIDE+DATA+CULTURE/