The issue of gender equality has not been consciously addressed by cultural policies, nor are there are specific strategies for the support of women as professionals in the cultural labour market. However, culture and education have for long belonged to those spheres of economic activity, in which a majority of employees are women. This issue also concerns the Ministry of Culture, in which most civil servants are female.
During recent years, the geographical position of Estonia, with its proximity to the Nordic countries, as well as membership of the European Union, has had some positive influences on introducing the debate on gender discrimination. Cultural predictions and stereotypes continue to reproduce the existing gender discrimination in society, but there has been little research carried out on gender distribution in the cultural sector. Some of the discussion over gender and sexual discrimination has moved to social media, where active communities continue to act as watchdogs with respect to discrimination for instance in employment and advertising.
A Law on Gender Equality has been enacted in Estonia since 2004. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender and obliges public bodies and employers to promote gender equality. However, the ILO Convention No. 111 Concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation has still not been ratified by Estonia.