Table 7: Cultural institutions financed by public authorities, by domain
|Domain||Cultural institutions (subdomains)||Number (2010)||Number (2012)||
(++ to –)
Cultural heritage sites |
|5 253||5 256||+|
|Archives (of public authorities)||n.a.||n.a.|
|Visual arts||Public art galleries / exhibition halls||n.a.||n.a.|
|Art academies (or universities)||1||1||0|
|Performing arts||Symphonic orchestras||n.a.||n.a.|
Music / theatre academies |
|Music theatres, opera houses||11**||4**||—|
|Dance and ballet companies||5***||9***||++|
|Books and Libraries||Libraries||562||559||–|
Socio-cultural centres / |
Source: Statistics Estonia.
* Theatres with drama production.
** Theatres with music theatre or opera production.
*** Theatres with dance production. In Estonia there were a total of 28 theatres that were subsidised by the state or by the municipalities.
*** BO’s with broadcasting licenses.
***** Source: Folk Culture Centre 2013.
Legend: ++ = A rise of 10% or more during the last 5 years; + = A rise of 5-9% during the last 5 years; 0 = A change smaller than 5 % during the last 5 years; – = A decline of 5-9% during the last 5 years; – – = A decline of 10% or more during last 5 years.
The figures include both public (state and municipal) and private institutions (profit and non-profit). The rises in the numbers of museums, theatres and broadcasting organisations are mainly due to private initiatives. Over recent years, joint initiatives in the cultural sphere combining public and private funding have increased. EU funding has also often been used to launch new forms of collaboration, such as museums and knowledge centres. This is a trend supported by the Ministry of Culture too.