Each Estonian county is further divided into local municipalities of two types: urban municipalities – cities (linnad) and rural municipalities – parishes (vallad).
In line with the Local Self-Governance Act,Estonia has 79 municipalities divided over 15 cities and 64 parishes. They are responsible for the educational and cultural needs of their inhabitants. Municipalities are, however, essentially dependent on support from the state budget, from which their main subsidies are received. The local governments’ share of cultural expenses amounted to as much as 52% of the total public expenditure on culture in 2016 (see chapter 7.1.2.).