The main strategies to support artists and other creative practitioners in Danish cultural policy are distributed on 3 levels:
- Direct support granted by the Danish Arts Foundation, founded in 1964 via the arms-length principle “Support not steer”; different art councils in literature, theatre, music, etc.; library support to artists as compensation for library loans (see chapter 1.1, chapter 1.2.2, chapter 1.4.3, chapter 4.1.2, chapter 4.2.1, chapter 4.2.4, chapter 4.2.3, chapter 4.2.5, chapter 4.2.6, chapter 7.2.2 and chapter 7.2.3);
- Indirect Support through tax legislation allowing private actors and firms to support the arts via tax-reducible sponsorship and private arts foundations; VAT exemption on e.g. first-time selling of art works; the Nordic copyright model that regulates the artists’ economic and moral obligations; support to artist organisations (see chapter 1.4.3, chapter 4.1.4, chapter 4.1.6 and chapter 7.2.4);
- A mix of direct and indirect support through fees for tasks and engagements in the public financed cultural institutions, media and architecture and new buildings (see chapter 1.4.3, chapter 4.2.2, chapter 4.2.6 and chapter 4.2.7).