Table 2: Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in million DKK, 2006, 2009 and 2011
|Level of government||
|% of total||
|% of total||
|% of total|
|State (federal)*||10 399.6||62.4||10 195.6||62.3||9 059.2||63.5|
|Regional (amter + HUR)||–||–||–||–||559.6||3.9|
|Municipalities (kommuner)||6 261.2||37.6||6 173.3||37.7||4 636.7||32.5|
|TOTAL||16 660.8||100.0||16 368.9||100.0||14 255.6||100.0|
Source: The Danish Ministry of Culture / Danish Statistics.
* Including TV / radio licenses (DKK 4 140 million in 2011) and receipts from the state lottery pools (tipsmidler – DKK 238.3 million in 2011). Receipts from the state sports pools are not included in the numbers (DKK 840.9 million in 2011). Contrary to numbers from 2000, 2003 and 2006, the 2009 and 2011 numbers do not include expenditure from the Ministry of Traffic for press distribution support and money transferred to regions for cultural agreements.
** The amount added from the Palaces and Properties Agency budget of 2000 cannot be compared directly with the amounts from 2003 and 2006. In 2000, the Agency was not yet divided into two sections and the amount included in the Table above consists only of expenditure for certain large renovation projects for historic buildings (The numbers from The Palaces and Properties Agency included in the Table above are: 33.3 in 2000, 226.8 in 2003 and 253.6 in 2006).
*** Numbers for 2011 are extracted from Denmark’s Statistics (Offentlige kulturbevillinger efter tid, kulturemne og finansieringskilde -table BEVIL02). The categories are cultural heritage, media, libraries and literature, stage and music, visual art and design, and other cultural activities. Sports and leisure are not included.
In 2003 and 2006, an additional level of government appears in the budgets of the Ministry of Culture, namely The Greater Copenhagen Authority (HUR), which is a politically-governed regional organisation covering the Greater Copenhagen Region. In the above Table, the culture expenditures of HUR are added to the regional level, although the municipalities in the capital region supply part of the funding for HUR.
By 2007, both HUR and the existing regional governments (amter) were abolished. Instead, five new regional governments have come into existence. These only have limited influence on cultural policies. The prime amount of expenditure of HUR and the regional level (amterne) was transferred to the state in 2007 (see chapter 1.2.2). This is why the 2009 and 2011 figures only include numbers from the state and municipalities.
The expenditures for sports have been subtracted from the budget figures in the above Table. Sports, however, are a considerable part of Danish cultural policy and the municipalities mainly provide the expenditure. If sport would be included, the figures for 2011 would be 53.6% for the state and 46.4% for the municipalities.