Employer-employee relations in the cultural sector are regulated under the Labour Code – Act No. 262/2006 Coll. This new Labour Code came into force on 1 January 2007 to immediate criticism. Thus, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs prepared technical amendments to the Labour Code No. 362/2007 which eliminated any problematic issues or errors.
On 1 January 2014 additional changes to the Labour Code came into effect, notably in relation to the adoption of the new Civil Code. In addition to technical changes in response to new terms used in the Civil Code some important practical changes were also introduced.
The new Civil Code affects Act No. 435/2004 Coll.on Employment, which deals with topics such as eliminating discrimination, employment of foreigners, state employment policy, retraining, and it also regulates the activity of children while participating in artistic or cultural activities for a legal entity or an individual. A number of changes became effective on 1 January 2014.
Salaries and compensation for employees in the cultural sector are covered by government regulations that review salaries in the public sector (the main criteria are education and age) and they issue a catalogue of jobs in which artistic jobs and other professions in the field of culture have their set place.
The Labour Code regulates the legal relationship between employer and employee in connection with an employee’s performance of work for an employer, but it does not apply to persons who are self-employed. On some points the law indirectly affects the self-employed, for instance, with regard to business travel abroad, through the Income Tax Act.
The conditions for the entry and residence of foreigners on the territory of the Czech Republic are regulated by the Act on the Residence of Aliens on the Territory of the Czech Republic (Act No. 326/1999 Coll., or the Act on Aliens). The latest amendment to the Act on Aliens came into effect in June 2014. Changes include the introduction of “Employment Cards” in dual form encompassing an employment permit and a residence permit and intended for aliens (non-EU citizens) with a work contract signed directly with a Czech company.