The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus contains references which are related to cultural policy issues, for example the protection of human rights, freedom of expression and freedom of speech, the principle of equality, free education. More specifically, Part II of the Constitution sets out a broad range of human rights, including all eighteen rights provided by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Council of Europe and its Protocols. Article 9 of the Constitution makes specific reference to the right to a decent existence, social security and social insurance, protection of the workers and assistance to the poor.
The right to education, including the right to free and compulsory primary education, and liberty of individuals and institutions to give instructions or education is safeguarded by Article 20 of the Constitution. Moreover in Article 19, the Right of expression is also safeguarded.
Moreover, cultural legislation in Cyprus dates back to colonial British rule when the first cultural legislation was passed – the Antiquities Law for the heritage protection.