There is no specific legislation regulating labour relations for the cultural field. There is also no systematic monitoring of trends regarding cultural employment. The State Institute for Statistics produces annual reports based on a very narrow definition of culture (see chapter 3.5.1) and contributes to the Eurostats’ cultural statistics according to their rules and categories.
There is a unified system of salaries for those working in the public sector, including those employed in state-established cultural institutions and those working in the city or municipal cultural institutions.
The Union of workers employed in the cultural sector (HSDK) – cultural institutions, ministry of culture, etc., includes freelance artists as well. In 2012, the government cancelled the Collective Agreement for public sector employees, and this included those employed in culture. The new Collective Agreement for state and public sector employees was signed by HSDK in December 2012, while the collective agreement for employees working in the cultural institutions was signed in May 2014 between government and HSDK, and the New Union.
There is a need to clarify the position and rights of those who are employed in institutions vis-à-vis self-employed or freelance artists and cultural workers. It can be expected that this issue will be put on the agenda in the future. The Union of Actors was established 18 years ago, but still it does not function properly. An initiative for the establishment of the Union of Freelance Artists was outlined in 2008, but it is still not active. Another initiative relating to creative workers is the establishment of the Association of the Independent Professionals in October 2014 that is based around authors involved in co-working practices and similar.