Higher education in arts is offered by both public and private universities and colleges in Bulgaria. There are four specialised public universities in the field of arts education: Academy for Music, Dance and Fine Arts in Plovdiv, National Academy for Theatre and Film Arts Krastyo Sarafov in Sofia, National Music Academy Prof. Pancho Vladigerov in Sofia and National Arts Academy in Sofia. There are also private higher education institutions such as Theatre College Luben Groys in Sofia.
Several public and private universities offer courses in the field of culture and arts. For example, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski has undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in fine art, music and dance, for example. The New Bulgarian University (private) has a special department in theatre and cinema.
As a country involved in building a common European space for higher education, Bulgaria, from the very beginning of the Bologna Process, supports and fulfils all the decisions adopted at the strategic progress levels. The objectives of the Bologna Process, and the resolutions resulting from the Ministers’ meetings in Prague, Berlin and Bergen, are incorporated into national legislation.
The autonomous high schools incorporate the directions of the European common policy in their organisation and in the substance of their activities (e.g. the stage structure and the bi-cycle educational model have been implemented). In addition, the functional structure of the systems for internal and external quality evaluation is established; effective schemes for students’ and lecturers’ mobility have been implemented; the common European instruments for the provision of free competitiveness and maximum utilisation of academic students’ development has been adopted – i.e. the system for accumulation and transfer of credits and the European diploma supplement.
Cultural heritage programmes are not concentrated in specialised higher education cultural institutions. Those courses are taught in both public and private universities and colleges. There are programmes that focus on cultural heritage from different perspectives – historical, management, social, tourism and others. This happens in the framework of undergraduate and master’s programmes such as History and Cultural Heritage, Cultural and Historical Heritage (Cultural Tourism) and Management and Socialisation of Cultural Heritage.
The higher education in Bulgaria covers both arts-oriented programmes and others related to arts management, financial aspects, producing, cultural tourism and more.