Table 1: Cultural institutions, by sector and domain
|Domain||Cultural institutions (subdomains)||Public sector||Public sector||Private sector||Private sector|
|Number (2020)||Trend last 5 years (In %)||Number (2020)||Trend last 5 years (In %)|
|Cultural heritage||Cultural heritage sites (recognised)||6036||-4.3%||–||–|
|Visual arts||Public art galleries / exhibition halls||33||0%||–||–|
|Performing arts||Scenic and stable spaces for theatre||29||+3.6%||–||–|
|Dance and ballet companies||1||0%||–||–|
|Inter-disciplinary||Socio-cultural centres / cultural houses||2231||-15.8%||–||–|
|Other (please explain)||Historical, cultural, architectural, art and ethnographic reserves||28||+7.7%||–||–|
|Child musical, art and painting schools||238||+0.4%||–||–|
Source(s): the State Statistical Committee, 2021 and the Ministry for Culture, 2021
There is no data available on private cultural institutions, only incomplete information. For example, you can still cite private cinemas, which decreased from five in 2015 to three in 2020. There is also data for one private museum, also for concert and broadcasting organisations. However, statistics for the private sector of other domains indicated in the table are not kept yet.
The State Service for Protection, Development and Restoration of Cultural Heritage under the Ministry for Culture deals with cultural and historical monuments, archaeological sites, and a number of historical, cultural, architectural, art and ethnographic reserves.
The Ministry for Culture manages public museums, art galleries, concert halls, theatres, libraries, cinemas, children’s music, arts and painting schools, cultural houses, et cetera. The National Archive Fund manages archive institutions.
Although a tiny fraction of these institutions is run by other government agencies, for example, out of 2 922 public library units, two belong to the State Oil Company, 3 to the Confederation of Trade Unions, and another 24 to other organisations. In addition, out of the total number of museums in 239 institutions, three museums are under the Cabinet of Ministers, 4 of which are in the National Academy of Sciences. The Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the State Oil Company have one museum each. Out of 2 231 club establishments, the State Oil Company owns three, the Confederation of the Trade Unions owns seven, and 28 club institutions belong to other organisations.