The Austrian school system is essentially uniformly nationally regulated. Ministerial responsibility for education agendas has changed several times in recent years. Until 2014, education was part of the Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture and since 2016 it has been assigned to the Ministry for Education and Women’s Issues. The Ministry of Education, Science and Research was created in January 2018.
In relation to the organisation (establishment, maintenance, school hours, number of students per class) of the public compulsory schools, legislation on the fundamentals the responsibility of the federal government, while the passing of implementing legislation and its execution is the task of the provinces. The curricula are formulated nationally in the Federal Law Gazette (Bundesgestzblatt) and include objectives for musical and artistic education for each school grade. The good provision of music schools, especially in Upper Austria, is widely regarded as a best practice learning to play an instrument has a high priority.