The Federal Museums Act (2002) grants full legal capacity to the federal museums (Albertina, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien (with Weltmuseum and Theatermuseum), Belvedere, MAK – Museum für angewandte Kunst, Museum moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien (MUMOK), Naturhistorisches Museum, Technisches Museum Wien (with Mediathek) und Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) and has transformed them into scientific institutions under public law – a step towards more autonomy. The federal museums are still under the authority of the Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery and receive annual subsidies from the Ministry.
According to the Federal Arts Promotion Act, selected federal, provincial and municipal museums can receive an annual supplement in order to acquire art from the holdings of Austrian galleries. In addition, support is granted for the participation of Austrian artists (galleries) at international arts festivals.
The Monument Preservation Act allows the federal monument office (under the Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery) to issue decrees provisionally placing monuments owned by public bodies under monument preservation. These monuments are to be registered in a list of monuments. The law also regulates the export of cultural properties in line with EU legislation.