In secondary schools teaching of the arts is an obligatory part of the curriculum. There are 456 hours of art lessons in the 1st to 7th years, including music, art, and so called “technologies” i.e. handicrafts. For the third and fourth years of education, special text-books on the basics of music, art and handicrafts are provided. in high schools; schoolchildren also study ethics, aesthetics, and the history of art.