The key normative-legal Act regulating the cultural sphere is the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation (2002), which determines the tasks of the Republic of Armenia’s cultural legislation, principles of the state cultural policy, goals, approaches to the cultures of national minorities, fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms in the cultural sphere, cultural wealth of the Republic of Armenia, relations between the state and the creative workers’ unions, state activities in the cultural sphere, powers of the state and local self-government bodies, financing of culture and cultural activities, types of activities of cultural non-profit organisations, and the main directions of international cooperation in this sphere.
Analysis of the Law on Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation shows a necessity to adopt legislation to regulate the separate cultural sectors (protection of cultural heritage, cinematography, works of amateur art, museums, libraries, archives, publishing businesses, artistic education, folk culture, etc).
Some of the drafts regulating the cultural sphere are at the discussion stage in the National Assembly for several years. Work on drafting of some laws is under way at the Ministry of Culture. It is anticipated to develop and submit, for adoption to the National Assembly, the following legal acts: Draft Laws on Theatre and Theatrical Activity, on Museum Collection and Museums, on Library Activity, on Non-Material Cultural Heritage and new editions of old laws such as Documents and Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation. It is also anticipated to develop and present the draft Law on National Film.
The cultural sphere is also regulated by other laws and by-laws, including Laws on Preservation and Utilisation of Immovable Monuments of History and Culture and of the Historic Environment, Immovable Monuments of History and Culture Considered State Ownership of RA and Not Subject to Alienation, Archives Activity, as well as Regulations on the State Registration, Study, Protection, Mounting, Repair, Restoration, Utilisation of Immovable Monuments of History and Culture and Transportation of Immovable Monuments of History and Culture.
The fundamental rights and freedoms of artists are prescribed by the Law on the Fundamentals of Cultural Legislation (2002). The fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms in the cultural sector are envisaged in Chapter 2 of the Law, by which every person has a right to participate in cultural life and carry out cultural and creative activity, participate in cultural values, receive appropriate education, as well as the right to export the results of their creative activity. The creators have a right to establish cultural organisations. The same Law determines that the state supports the activities of the creative workers’ unions, giving them an opportunity to participate in cultural policy development and takes into consideration their proposals in the course of elaboration of programmes in the spheres of creative workers’ employment, professional training, job guarantees and social security. According to Article 3 of the Law, the principle of freedom of cultural and creative activity is envisaged.