Policy and institutional overview
Following the signing of the Bologna Declaration, the Parliament passed Law Nr. 9741 on Higher Education in May 2007 and amended it with Law Nr. 9832 in 2010; the Law on Higher Education was amended again, with Law Nr. 10307, sanctioning that all four-year university diplomas issued up to 2009 would, by default, be re-evaluated into scientific master’s degrees. Those interested could apply for a one-year programme to obtain a professional master’s degree, while universities would continue to offer three-year bachelors and two-year masters programmes for all students admitted from 2009.
The Ministry of Culture launched in 2014 the programme “Education through Culture” when the first educational projects were initiated in cooperation with subordinated cultural institutions, mainly in Tirana. This form of approach to increasing the knowledge and awareness of generations about the importance and benefit of art, culture and cultural heritage has seen great interest from participants of different age groups. During 2018 the programme achieved the inclusion of a record number of 55,000 students of different ages from about 500 schools across the country, participating in about 700 activities organized by subordinate cultural institutions.
Specialised vocational training such as Skills for Employability of Tomorrow has led to certification of skilled craftspeople by the National Institute of Culture Heritage.