According to article 18 of the Republic of Albania’s Constitution, everyone is equal before the law. No one can be discriminated against on the grounds of gender, race, religion, ethnicity, language, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or educational, economic, or social status. No one can be discriminated against except for instances where there is a legal or objective reason for not getting a job.
During hiring and after employment, an Albanian employer may not discriminate amongst employees, must allow them the right to unions, protect them from corruption, and follow laws regarding the minimum age of employees.
Other items are covered in the Labour Code, which is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Albania, respects the international conventions ratified by the Republic of Albania and is based on the generally recognized norms of International Law.
The Labour Code Health and Safety rules must be followed at work. Pregnant women must be protected; employers must follow minimum wage rules, overtime limits, and laws on annual holidays and paid leave to ensure the protection of all those working in Albania.
Article 104 of the Labour Code states that pregnant women must take maternity leave 35 days before, and 63 days after, giving birth. In the case of multiple births this is extended to 60 days before giving birth. Article 27 of the Social Security Law states that for a period of 365 days pregnant women will receive a maternity leave payment from the social security contribution scheme. They will also receive this payment on the 35 to 60 days off from work before and after giving birth. According to article 96.3 of the Labour Code, a father who is a spouse or partner of a pregnant woman can take paid leave of three days. If the father or adoptive male parent is insured, he is entitled to a period of 63 days off from work after the baby is born. However, this can only happen if the child’s mother does not fulfil the insurance requirement or wishes to go back to work during this time.