Table 5: Cultural institutions financed by public authorities, by domain
|Domain||Cultural institutions (subdomains)||Number (Year)||Trend (++ to –)|
|Cultural heritage||Cultural heritage sites (recognised)||6||No change|
|Archives (of public authorities)||2|
|Visual arts||public art galleries / exhibition halls||1|
|Art academies (or universities)||1|
|Performing arts||Symphonic orchestras||2|
Music / theatre academies |
|Music theatres, opera houses||1|
|Dance and ballet companies||1|
|Books and Libraries||Libraries||1|
|Interdisciplinary||Socio-cultural centres / cultural houses||1|
|Other (please explain)||Puppet and Children’s Theatre||1|
Source: Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports, http://kultura.gov.al/.
Note: The above grid contains data on national institutions only.
The National Film Centre is a government agency providing financial support for 2-3 feature films, 5-6 documentaries and 3-4 animated short films per year, as well as domestic international film festivals. Annual budget is around EUR 850 000. All features are co-produced with foreign partners.
The National Theatre, est. 1947, is a state repertory theatre based in Tirana, with two stages (530 and 200 seats), a company of 33 actors, and a total staff of 72. The annual budget is around EUR 700 000. It produces 4-6 productions and gives around 100 performances annually, although it never tours.
The National Opera and Ballet Theatre, est. 1953, is a state repertory theatre based in Tirana, with one major stage (830 seats) for opera, and a symphony and ballet. It has one alternative space (which can seat up to 200) for chamber music and instrumental concerts. It also has a 60 member orchestra, 20 soloist singers, 40 choir singers, and 30 ballet dancers and a total staff 196. An additional ensemble of 60 folk musicians, dancers and singers are also involved. It produces an average of 2-3 operas, 1-2 ballets, 3-4 symphony concerts, plus a dozen other vocal and instrumental concerts each year. Except for the Folk Ensemble, the company never tours.
The National Gallery of Arts wasest. 1946 and has a total exhibition space of 5 300 m2. The main departments are Renaissance, Byzantine, Social-Realism, and Contemporary and the total number of works is 4 100. It has a library also, which is open to all, with an admission of 200 ALL (EUR 1.5) for regular visitors, and a 100 ALL (EUR 0.75) concessionary rate.
The Academy of Artswasest. in 1966, after the fusion of three separate schools – Music est.1962, Fine Arts est. 1959 and Performing Arts est.1959. Until 2009, this establishment was the country’s unique higher education institution of arts. It has around 650 students, and around 200 professors.
The National Library wasestablished in 1920 as a public institution located in Tirana. It has a total staff of 105, and 1 035 885 entries. New entries amount to 20 000 a year and admission is free. Tirana residents, older than 16, are able to visit the library, and non-residents may apply for short-term membership.