The art academies or schools of arts offer teacher trainings in art subjects as taught in primary and secondary education: visual arts, music, dance and drama. Completing the training allows teachers to work in all fields of formal education. Some arts courses offer small modules in teaching, oriented on the non-formal field where no teaching permit is required. This is especially the case in the field of music but can also be found in other art courses. Universities offer teacher trainings in the theoretical field of visual art and music for permits to teach in upper secondary education. General teacher trainings offer modules in different art subjects as part of their programmes as well.